As a world masterpiece of Rembrandt - painting "Danae" - in 1985, it has undergone an act of vandalism.
One of the visitors to the Hermitage its first doused with sulfuric acid, and then cut with a knife. The damage was so great that experts doubt the success of the restoration work.
However, professional restorers still helped restore a masterpiece by Rembrandt.
History of painting
At the time of the creation of the painting "Danae" - in 1636 -Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt was already the most famous wizard in the Netherlands. This picture reproduces the famous episode of the Greek myth of Danae, the daughter of king Acrisius of Argos, which Oracle predicted death at the hands of his own grandson. In order to avoid the death of Acrisius imprisoned Danae in a copper tower, guarded by fierce dogs. However, this did not stop Zeus. He entered the tower golden rain, and Danae gave birth to a son, Perseus.
Rembrandt in his painting depicted the momentpenetration into the tower of Zeus in the form of golden rain. Striking perfection of composition and richness is sustained in the golden hues of colors paintings. In this work, there is nothing superfluous, every detail thought out by the author. With live and free smear master transmits lightness bedspreads, heavy folds of curtains and draperies. Completely illuminated by the soft light of a flexible plastic body of a young woman. The whole look of delighted spectators Danae charm, freshness and deep sensuality.
The model posed for Rembrandt him dearly beloved wife Saskia van Eulenburg, he also immortalized on his masterpieces such as "Flora" and "Self-Portrait with Saskia on his knees."
The act of vandalism
June 15, 1985 in Hermitage, along with a guided tourman came. In one of the rooms that has been exposed "Danae," he previously asked the custodians of the museum, some of the pictures are the most valuable. Then he went to the "Dana", pulled out from under the counter and threw the bottle jacket all its contents to the canvas. Immediately paint the picture bubbled and began to change color. As it turned out, experts - in the bottle was sulfuric acid. But an attacker that was not enough, he took out a knife and slashed twice now.
Vandals turned 48-year-old resident of Lithuania BroniusMaygis. His action, he explained political motives. However, the court found him mentally ill (he was diagnosed - sluggish schizophrenia). Maygisa Bronius placed in Leningrad psychiatric hospital, where he spent 6 years. After the collapse of the Soviet Union sent to the Lithuanian Maygisa psychiatric hospital, where he was soon released.
Restoration of "Danae" lasted a long 12 years. To the best restorers were involved in the country. In 1997, the picture is again taking its place in the Hermitage exhibition. Now the "Danae" protects the armored glass.