An extensive heart attack (myocardial infarction) is an emergency condition, which in most cases is provoked by coronary artery thrombosis.
This is considered one of the main causes of death in most cases of cardiovascular disease.
In the period of extensive heart attack, necrosis occursA certain area of the heart muscle - the myocardium, which leads to a large disruption of the cardiovascular system. This condition puts a serious threat to human life.
In medical practice, extensive infarction is classified as an acute form of ischemia. This disease, which is characterized by a violation of the supply of heart nutrients and oxygen.
In many cases, an extensive infarction affects the leftPart of the heart or septum, which determines the right and left halves of the heart (myocardial infarction, septal infarction). It is these parts of the heart that account for a great deal of stress. In more rare cases, the right side of the heart is affected.
Causes of extensive myocardial infarction
Very often, an extensive heart attack develops in humans,Which against the background of emotional stress suffer from a lack of motor activity. However, physically strong and young people suffer more and more from myocardial infarction.
The main reasons for which there is an extensive heart attack:
- bad habits-
- hypertonic disease-
- Inadequate motor activity-
- excess in food of animal fat-
- improper feeding-
- binge eating.
Risk factors for a large heart attack
These factors include conditions or diseases that, to a certain extent, increase the risk of the formation and development of a heart attack.
Smoking - is an independent risk factor for the emergence of a large heart attack. The result of this addiction is a decrease in the supply of the heart muscle with blood and a narrowing of the coronary vessels of the heart.
Age after 40 years is also at risk of myocardial infarction. This is due to the fact that during this period the risk of atherosclerosis of coronary arteries increases.
Lack of movement - negatively affectsOn the state of metabolic processes in the body. This often leads to obesity and diabetes. Disturbances in fat metabolism often cause and provoke accelerated development of diabetes, atherosclerosis and hypertension.
As a result of arterial hypertension, the walls of the heart thicken. In consequence, the endurance of the heart muscle decreases and the need of the heart for oxygen increases.
However, atherosclerosis is the main risk factor for the development of a large heart attack. It is he who serves as the main cause of thrombosis or spasm of the coronary arteries.