Reeds grow on damp, marshy areas.
In total there are about 20 species of this plant, almost all of them are suitable for weaving, and stems and leaves of the plant can be used.
You will need
- - reed-
- - sharp knife-
- - wooden awl-
- - Wet cloth-
- - sponge-
- - The pelvis.
Prepare the material for weaving. The reed can be harvested all year round, but in winter it is quite difficult due to drifts, and in the spring due to flood and mud. Therefore reeds are harvested in summer and autumn. The material cut at different times will differ in shades.
Cut the stems of the reeds with a knife or sickle. Tie them in bundles, hang them under a canopy in the penumbra. After 2 weeks the material is ready for use.
Sort the reeds along the length, thickness and quality. Select the stems suitable for weaving. Clean them from the leaves, leaving good leaves, and discard the damaged leaves. Thick stems split into ribbons of different width and length.
Dry reed moisturize to restore itflexibility. Before starting work, lower the material for 1-1.5 hours in cold water. During the weaving, periodically moisten the reeds with a foam or sponge.
Before weaving can be whitened or dyedReeds. Make a solution. Heat to 60оС 10% solution of hydrogen peroxide, add to it 2% sodium silicate solution, put into it stalks and leaves of reeds and boil for 2 hours. The material will become silvery. Then rinse with hot water.
For dyeing canes, dyes are used. Prepare the solution at a rate of 5 g of dye per 1 liter of water. Then add 1 g of table salt and 2 g of acetic acid. Boil the pre-bleached bulrush in this solution for about 30 minutes. Then rinse in running water.
To weave from a reed tray or a plate forBread prepare 30 leaves. Wet leaves, which you will weave later, wrap in a damp cloth, so they do not dry out. Choose a pattern that you will weave. It can be an ordinary saucepan.
Cut the leaves into equal strips. Their length should be 5 cm more than the template. Put 4 strips in a row. At a distance of about 1/3 of the edge, put the sheet perpendicularly so that 1 and 3 strips are on top of it, and 2 and 4 under it. The next strip weave in the same way, but in staggered order, that is, 2 and 4 base stripes should lie on top of the sheet, and 1 and 3 under it. Weave a square like this.
Thin and short parts of leaves, left fromScraps, twist into flagella. On the bottom put the pan, tie it with string and continue to braid the base around the prepared flagellum in checkerboard order. Position them as close as possible to each other. When the length of the tourniquet ends, substitute the next and continue the weaving.
After the bottom of the tray is ready, fold the base strips upward. Fly them with flagella in checkerboard order to the required height.
Remove the template and fill the remaining tips. Shilom move aside the edges of the tray and insert a protruding tip into the hole. Similarly fill all other ends. Similarly, you can weave a mat, a basket or a bag from the reeds.