Vitiligo - is a rare skin disease in which there is acquired focal achromia.
In some areas of the skin pigment production is terminated, as in melanocytes special enzyme tyrosinase is not produced.
Causes and symptoms of vitiligo
A leading role in the development of the disease playneuroendocrine and genetic factors. In the second place for the development of focal achromia may affect severe mental trauma, dysfunction of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands and sweat glands.
The main symptom of the disease - on the areas of skinappear depigmented spots that begin to grow and merge. And scalp located on the depigmented areas, and becomes colorless. The patient did not bother pain. The only thing that gives a lot of inconvenience - it acquired a cosmetic defect.
Diagnosis and treatment of vitiligo
Diagnosis is based dermatologistclinical disease. Since secondary leucoderma arising after the eczema, lichen, psoriasis, disappears quickly and does not give the burgeoning depigmentation, with the correct diagnosis is usually no problem.
Treatment of vitiligo is ineffective. The patient is prescribed a long course of photosensitizers, B vitamins, corticosteroid application. In addition, the correction of neuroendocrine disorders. Vitiligo patients should avoid prolonged sun exposure.