When buying a used car plays an important role thorough inspection. It can help you discover the hidden flaws and predict upcoming costs for maintenance and repair.
In addition, vehicle diagnostics (both independently and performed by experts in the workshop) will reduce the initial sales price.
Check documents car. Check the engine room, a body andthe vehicle identification number (VIN) with the data specified in the documents. Carefully inspect the plate: irregular marks, sloppy riveted joint and weld marks around the number stamped in the metal, typical for vehicles having a criminal past.
Perform external examination to determine exposed car repair after an accident or not. Inspect the front body mount wings. If washers are displaced, on the faces of the screw heads knocked paint and broken influx bodywork sealant, which is applied to the joints of the wings, it is a sure sign that the body element is repaired. Traces of paint on the edges of the sealing glass and drop it under the rubber seal layer will be evidence car coloring renovated. About glass replacement after an accident can "hint" delamination its plastic edging.
Inspect the interior of the vehicle. Rate real run on "prosizhennosti" driver's seat of his upholstery, steering wheel and pedals overlays abrasions. A sure sign of a car accident - taped trim steering wheel, which means the air bag inflates. Fold the floor covering and check for corrosion. To check the attachment of the front seats to the bottom body rocking them back and forth. If you see blisters on the dashboard, stains on the seat upholstery and interior trim, accompanied by a characteristic musty smell swamp, then car I have long been in the water.
Start the engine. It must be easy to start the engine for 1-2 seconds and work without interruption and third party noise. Confirmation of the strong deterioration of the engine will be flashing or constant burning control lamp showing the oil pressure. Status automatic transmission indirectly reflects the level, smell and appearance of the transmission fluid. Check the operation of the power steering: gain should be less than the rotation of the steering wheel when the car instigated than when the engine is switched off. If the amplifier drive belt is worn out, you will hear a harsh screeching sound.
Determine the state of shock, having examinedstrut for fluid stains and wet spots. Uneven tire wear - evidence of faults in the chassis, improper descent-camber or breach of body geometry. Pay attention to the brakes: the old rust and rough surface will be a reflection of brake failure and jamming the calipers. Check the quality of attachment to the body of the exhaust system. If the inner surface of the exhaust pipe, you will see a fat black, it will mean increased oil consumption and may be indicative of a strong engine wear. Look at the front panel from the engine compartment for the presence of creases and dents. Peering into the trunk, fold the trim and floor mats.
Take a test drive to evaluatebehavior of the car in motion. Close the windows and listen to the other sounds. Crunch with a smooth movement back and forth with the wheels splayed apart, indicate a fault existing in the constant velocity joint. Stookey when trying to accurately direct the forward or backward carPut on the parking brake, arean indication that the power unit out of service or in the chassis, there are clearances. Tangible vibration and slipping clutch are harbingers of the need to replace it. The hum of the engine during acceleration or deceleration is a sign of a faulty transmission. The work of an automatic transmission should be carried out without any extraneous noise and vibration.