Ability to use a fire extinguisher can be useful at any time of life, so everyone must be aware of its design and function.
When starting a fire, he can save lives and property, and will keep the spread of the fire before the arrival of firefighters.
How to use a fire extinguisher properly?
Types of fire extinguishers
Fire extinguishers are divided into several basic types- Foam, powder and carbon dioxide. Foam fire extinguishers are designed to extinguish flammable liquids such as gasoline, paint, oil, paint and so on. Also, they can put out the fire, it is hard materials - in addition to the devices under electrical voltage. Fire extinguishers are used to eliminate a burning combustible and flammable liquids, paints, varnishes, plastics and electrical devices, voltage which is not more than 1000 volts.
The fire extinguisher should not have too much weight, so that if necessary they could benefit from any family members, including children.
Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers to douseVarious substances, liquids or materials, as well as the installation connected to the grid. This type of extinguisher is considered to be the most effective due to its composition, allowing the fire to eliminate as quickly as possible. Typically, fire extinguishers are as follows: it is necessary to disrupt the seal, pull the pin, send socket on the fire and start stewing, holding the extinguisher upright. However, there are a number of rules to use it, you need to know.
Rules correct use extinguishing media
The fire extinguisher should be kept out of reach ofdirect sunlight, children and heaters. The room temperature should be average. When using the powder fire extinguisher charge must be submitted in batches, every 3-5 seconds. charge jet should always be sent to the windward side, and a fire extinguisher can not bring closer to her when extinguishing burning electrical than 1 meter.
When using a fire extinguisher must not be touched with bare hand to the bell, not to get frostbite the skin.
petroleum Fire extinguish foamfire extinguishers, covering the entire surface of the burning foam. Hot oil can not extinguish, directed from the top down jet. Fight fire with the need to proximal end, gradually venturing into the source of fire. The fire caused in the niche should extinguish from top to bottom. If you use a powder fire extinguisher, focus should be to put out on the windward side, directing the jet is not on fire and burning on the surface. If several fire extinguishers should be used and all of them simultaneously. Even to the extinguished fire, it can never turn your back and use a fire extinguisher must be recharged immediately.