Interest in the past has become more evident recently. Knowledge of history helps a person to better understand the processes taking place in modern society.
To understand the history of the development of individual countries and peoples, it is important to have an idea that the events of far days and the present are firmly connected.
You will need
- - textbooks on history-
- - monographs-
- - documentary sources.
Understand the meaning of the term "history" andThe subject of this science. The original meaning of the word, which initiated the historical science, goes back to the ancient Greek concepts of "investigating" or "recognizing". Under the history, it was originally meant to establish the truth of certain facts and events. The subject of historical science is the political, social and economic life of individual states, regions and nationalities.
Learn the scientific categories used inHistorical science. The main categories include historical time, historical space, historical fact, data sources and a methodological approach to the study of past events. All events in the history of mankind have their spatial location, time of flow, sequence and cause-effect relationships.
Learn the notion of historical time. It determines the periodization of the historical process and largely depends on the methodological position that the researcher occupies. A few centuries ago, historians calculated the historical time for the rule of statesmen. Then scientists began to distinguish several epochs: savagery, barbarism and modern civilization. In Soviet historical science, it was common to divide the history of society into several socio-economic formations.
Use to study the history of the relevantManuals and special literature. To understand the essence of the science of the past, you can start with the development of textbooks intended for students and students. Textbooks are good in that they give a description of events, adapted and systematized in a special way, which simplifies the perception of the material. As you master the basics of science, go on to study monographs devoted to a specific historical period.
Do not forget about the primary sources that illuminateThe essence of this or that historical event. These can be journal and newspaper publications relating to the period under review, official documents, legislative sources that fix the changes that have taken place in society. Familiarization with such documents helps to understand the essence of events independently, and not through the prism of the views of the authors of monographs.
Considering historical events, tryTo understand for themselves their interrelation and cause-and-effect relationships. Often events that occurred in one state can not be fully understood without resorting to the past of this country or to what was happening at that time in the neighboring regions.