Bright light, a sense of peace and tranquility, watching your body from the side - most often these phrases are present in the stories of people, to whose share it was to survive the terminal state.
Researchers divided into two camps: some take the side of the storytellers, agreeing that there are such phenomena and they are poorly studied by science, others explain what they see as hallucinations.
Terminal state is the state in whichThe human body is on the verge between life and biological death. It lasts from a few seconds to several minutes, although there are also more time-consuming cases. In the world literature, a lot of examples are described, when people who returned to life after a clinical death told about an unusual adventure - flight to infinity in bright pristine light, a meeting with long-dead close people and a voice that comes not from a specific point, but from all sides.
Many saw their earthly shell from the side,Resuscitation measures conducted by medical personnel and much more. Sometimes the "resurrected" could exactly repeat all the actions and words of the doctors at the time when they were, it would seem, in an unconscious state. Many people consider these stories to be a confirmation of the fact that beyond the threshold of biological existence lies another energy life.
Often, people who have experienced a clinical death, have paranormal abilities. They claim that they can hear the voices of the deceased, see ghosts, the future; To communicate with the world of spirits.
Scientific view on the problem of near-death experience
Researchers are trying to figure out what's onIn fact, people see at the time of clinical death. First of all, it is worth noting that clinical death is officially considered a reversible stage, rather than something out of the ordinary. At these moments, there is a lack of breathing, cardiac arrest, a lack of pupillary response to stimuli. Cases of restoration of all vital functions after a short-term death in the world practice is not uncommon, but only a small percentage of patients claim that they saw something "on that side".
Several factors play an important role here: Acidosis of tissues and hypoxia of the brain, religious beliefs, self-confidence. In the first two cases, a person at the time of clinical death has a powerful release of endorphin, which in the body plays the role of opiates. Under certain conditions, its concentration in the neurons of the brain increases: it removes pain, allows you to remain in euphoria and gives you a sense of happiness. Hence the "state of rest", "pacification", "love" and "flight". Hypoxia of the brain in turn creates noise effects in the auditory receptors, which increase at the time of clinical death.
Auditory hallucinations play the most important role inBuilding an entire picture. In fact, a person sees nothing and can not see, but in his auditory receptors conditions are created for the occurrence of sound effects, which the brain can interpret at its discretion. Those. "Visual experience" is not even a hallucination, but a fantasy of an inflamed imagination in response to an auditory hallucination. Some compare the near-death experience with the so-called lucid dream, a state that occurs in the fast phase of sleep. Here, practically the same phenomena are observed as at the moment of clinical death.
It is not possible to excite these people in liesPossible. What happened with them on a biological and chemical level is certainly true, their hallucinations are undeniable, but is it worth taking this experience as evidence of life outside the body?
On the other hand, after experiencing hallucinationsA person is sure of the existence of life after death, his religious beliefs in this matter are unshakable. Having survived the terminal state, he unconsciously convinces himself that he saw "with his own eyes" the afterlife. Further, his brain completes the disparate puzzle into the whole picture in large part thanks to the mass media and the stories of "eyewitnesses" in the near-scientific literature. In this case, the words of a survivor of a clinical death are copied by another story, heard earlier.