Polotsk - one of the oldest cities in Belarus. Located near the border with Russia, in the Vitebsk region.
It has a population of about 85,000 people.
The first mention of the city dates back to 862, and then Polotsk Principality was founded.
Throughout its existence, Polotsk survivedViking invasion, invasion of the crusaders, not just occupied by the troops of various conquerors. The first Prince of Polotsk was Rogvolod. After his death the principality rules Izyaslav Vladimirovich (988 -1001 years), founder of the Izyaslavich. In 1307, the city became part of the Duchy of Lithuania. In 1563, Polotsk captured troops of Ivan the Terrible. After 16 years he returned in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. After the collapse of the Commonwealth, in 1792, Polotsk is a part of the Russian Empire. Since 1991 is a city of the Republic of Belarus.
Sophia Cathedral - The Cathedral, built between1044 and 1066 year, on the right bank of the Western Dvina. Construction began under Prince Vseslav (Sorcerer). In 1596 the cathedral went to the Uniates. After the fire and partial destruction in 1607, the cathedral was in ruins. In 1618, the Uniate Archbishop Josaphat Kuntcevich, rebuilt the temple. When he is not worried about the fire again and again restored.
During the Great Northern War, the cathedral was closed and givena powder magazine. In 1710, the warehouse was blown up and stood in ruins until 1738. After 12 years on the site of the St. Sophia Cathedral was built the basilica, which was consecrated in honor of the Descent of the Holy Spirit. During the War of 1812, the French Cathedral was used as a stable. In 1839, the cathedral again went to the Orthodox. From 1911 to 1914 in the cathedral made repairs. In the church was operating during the German occupation. Now the temple is completely restored and every Sunday there are concerts of organ music.
Spaso-Efrosinievsky Monastery was founded in 1120, Princess of PolotskPredslava, but most of it is known as Euphrosyne of Polotsk. She was the granddaughter of Vseslav Sorcerer's paternal granddaughter of Vladimir Monomakh and the maternal line. In 12 years, the little princess decided to become a nun. The parents were against it, she predicted a bright future and a profitable marriage. Rebellious daughter escaped and took vows in one of the monasteries, and then she got a new - Yefrosinya. A few years later, with the permission of the bishop, she moved into one of the cells of St. Sophia Cathedral. There, she translated books. From Bishop Yefrosinya received a plot of land not far from Polotsk and there decided to build a monastery. The monastery survived both good times and bad. In 1579, the monastery became the residence of King Stefan Batory, who gave the Jesuits Monastery. In 1656 Russian troops captured Polotsk and order of the king returned to the Orthodox monastery. However, not for long. A few times a monastery moved from orthodox to the Jesuits and back. This lasted until 1832, when he finally became Orthodox, and later women. In 1928 the monastery was closed. After the liberation of Belarus from the Nazis nuns settled here again. They lived there until 1960, until the next closing. Since 1990, the current monastery.
Polotsk has many wonderful places to explore, and you can.
- The complex of the former Jesuit College
- Former Lutheran church
- Defensive rampart of Ivan the Terrible
- Borisov stone
- Monument Euphrosyne of Polotsk
- Red Bridge - a monument to the War of 1812
- Cathedral Epiphany Cathedral
- Monument Polotsk prince Vseslav and more.
It's just a small story of several citiesBelarus with a rich history. There are a lot of places and cities, which, unfortunately, we did not have time to visit. I would like to come back here again and again. See Brest, Minsk, Vitebsk, Mogilev, Gomel, Grodno, Lida. Visit Dudutki, Belovezhskaya Pushcha, see the chalk quarry. I hope you will write about traveling to these places.
In general, from Belarus have only positive emotions. Here, remember, love and revere its history.