Many specialists - lawyers, doctors and a number ofOthers - it is necessary to periodically translate certain terms from Latin and vice versa. A nonspecialist can handle this task, but it is necessary to know how to translate these words correctly.
Although Latin and a dead language, for many centuries of its use in science and religion, strict rules for the use of words in this language have been worked out.
You will need
- - Russian-Latin dictionary-
- - A grammar reference.
Choose the right one the wordsFor translations. One of the most detailed and famous Russian-Latin the wordsRai is the wordsEdited by I. Kh. Dvoretsky. It can be taken for counseling in the library. Also similar the wordsRI can be found on the Internet in electronic form, for example, on the website of Lingua Aeterna.
Choose the appropriate grammar guide. There are many of them, but until now one of the most complete and reasonably organized remains the "Grammar of the Latin Language", compiled by SI Sobolevsky. It is released in two books - you will need the first volume. As well as the wordsRi, the directory can either be taken from the library, or downloaded from the Internet as a file. Buy now this book is very difficult, because it has not been republished for a long time.
Find in the wordsThe Russian word that you want to translate. Next to it you will see a Latin translation and additional background information. For a noun, the end of the plural will be given first, then the genus - m - masculine, f - feminine or n - middling. It depends on how the noun will be inclined. For the verb an infinitive (the initial form) and three other basic forms from which all other times are formed - the first person the only number of the present time of the indicative mood (usually ends with "o"), the first person The only number of the perfect, that is, the completed past tense, and the supin is a special verbal noun.
Put the word found in the desired form. The grammar guide will help you in this. Nouns vary in case and number. If you need to put the word in a specific case, first determine the declension of the noun. In Latin there are five, and you can determine the declination after the ending and the genus of the noun. Next, open the declined table and select the appropriate ending. The same system also applies to adjectives. Adjectives of the feminine gender are inclined according to the rules of the first declension, and the masculine and middle - according to the rules of the second declension. The verb must be put at the right time, number and face. This can be done, again using a grammatical table.