Australia - amazing continent where oceanfront smoothly into the desert, and the humid tropics give way to mountain glaciers.
The geographical location of the mysterycontinent of the earth, together with the relief and washed mainland ocean climate makes Australia so versatile and different from the rest. Throughout the country there are four main climatic zones in which pronounced the weather and temperature differences.
Why in Australia there are calendar and climatic seasons of the year?
The southern hemisphere dictates its own weatherconditions of seasons in Australia, changing the calendar summer, autumn, winter and spring seats. Therefore, the spring climate on the continent begins in September and lasts until November. The summer season is limited to the period from December to February. Autumn comes in March and replaced by the winter climate in June, which lasts until the August.
Australia Tropical monsoon climate (sub-equatorial)
The north and north-east of the continent is underpower subequatorial climatic zone, so the average temperature of the whole year is kept at around 23-24 degrees. North-west monsoon in the summer bring to the shores of Australia and 1,500 mm of rainfall. In the winter months the northern parts of the country remain virtually without rain. With promotion to the center of the continent often seen severe droughts caused by hot winds.
Three variants of the tropical climate of Australia
In the eastern part of the continent affected by the Pacifictrade winds blowing from the south-east, so these regions Australia typical humid tropical climate. All the east coast of the country, along with Sydney down to the western foothills of the Great Dividing Range is not affected by drought. The climate here can be called soft, because in summer temperatures vary between 22-25 degrees, and winter does not fall below 11 degrees. Climatic summer, which in Australia is in December, January and February are slightly different rainfall. Climate Winter in the east, on the contrary, very humid, so often there are floods.
Deserts cover an impressive part of the country,making Australia one of the driest continents in the world. The reason for this is the considerable length of the continent along the equator, along with mountain areas, winds along the coast on the water's edge. Therefore, most of the precipitation falls on the coast, and before reaching the central regions of the country. In addition to the formation of severe drought affected low indented coastline and tropical latitudes, are most heat.
Great influence desert climate pronecentral and western regions of Australia, where in January temperatures can exceed 30 degrees in the shade, and in July vary between 10-15 degrees. The Great Sandy Desert and the area of Lake Eyre temperature often reaches 45 degrees, and winter does not fall below 20 degrees. The temperature in Alice Springs, on the contrary, may drop to -6 degrees. Residents of these regions see no rains for years.
Three species of subtropical climate in Australia
South-western regions of the country close to theirclimatic conditions to the Mediterranean coast of France and Spain. Dry and hot summer is followed by a warm, wet winters, and in January the temperature can reach up to 27 degrees, and in June to fall to just 12 degrees. In the south of the country, which covers the western part of New South Wales, the regions surrounding Adelaide and the Great Australian Bight pronounced continental climate, with droughts and large temperature fluctuations. The most favorable for living and farming is considered the south-western part of New South Wales and Victoria. It was established humid mild climate with an annual temperature spread between 8 and 24 degrees.
The moderate climate zone in Tasmania
TI eat, who dreams of weather with Albioncool summers and warm, wet winters, is to go to the island of Tasmania. Snow in the region is not seen, as it manages to melt, but the total amount of annual precipitation exceeds 2000 mm.
Enjoy the coolness of the Alps, and catch the snow in Australia can be from June to August in the mountains of Victoria and in the Snowy Mountains near the capital Canberra.