In 1958, after the launch of the first Russian space satellite, the US government established the Agency of Defense's Advanced Research Projects - short for DARPA.
The agency reports directly toMinistry of Defence and is used for development and implementation of new technologies in the US military-industrial complex. It also keeps track of the latest developments in other countries and works to advance in all areas of military technology and space technology.
Currently, the agency is working onthe problem of cheap launch satellites into orbit. For this purpose, a special program was developed ALASA. The essence of this program is as follows: - a small rocket is mounted on a conventional jet. After lifting the rocket to an altitude of about 30,000 meters, she fires back from the fuselage of the aircraft and begins solo flight. Everything happens automatically. The advantage of this missile is that it does not require launching sites, and it can be run from anywhere in the world. In addition the cost of one launch will not exceed $ 1 million..
Also, there is a development of a new type of fuelthis missile. It will contain both the fuel and oxidizer. Although in practice it is quite difficult to implement, but the probability of this type of fuel is present. ALASA disadvantage are the small dimensions of its output satellites, due to the small capacity of the rocket itself.
However, the successful implementation of this programALASA could oust Roskosmos and select the part of the European demands. The test missile test will be held in 2015, and in 2016 held the first orbital flight.