In 1958, after the launch of the first Russian space satellite, the US government established an agency for advanced defense research projects - abbreviated DARPA.
This agency reports directlyMinistry of Defense and serves to develop and introduce new technologies in the military-industrial complex of the United States. It also tracks the latest developments of other countries and works ahead of time in all areas of military technology and space technology.
At the moment, the agency is working onThe problem of cheap launching of satellites into near-earth orbit. For this purpose, a special program ALASA was developed. The essence of this program is as follows - a small rocket is installed on a conventional jet aircraft. After raising the rocket to a height of about 30,000 meters, it shoots back from the fuselage of the aircraft and begins an independent flight. Everything happens in automatic mode. The advantage of this missile is that it does not require launch pads, and it can be launched from anywhere in the world. In addition, the cost of one launch will not exceed 1 million dollars.
There is also a development of a new type of fuel forThis rocket. It will contain both fuel and oxidizer. Although in practice it is quite difficult to implement, but the probability of occurrence of this type of fuel is present. The disadvantage of ALASA is the small dimensions of the satellites it deduces, because of the low power of the rocket itself.
However, if this program is successfully implementedALASA can squeeze Roskosmos and select a part of the European orders. The test test of the rocket will take place already in 2015, and in 2016 the first orbital flight will take place.