In the world in its history there were many famous dogs, but the most recognizable are the mongrel dogs Belka and Strelka.
This unusual couple of astronauts became pioneers and conquerors of the cosmos, literally paving the way for mankind in outer space.
Historically known flight
Squirrel and Arrow became the first animals in historyCosmonautics, having made an orbital space flight on the Sputnik-5 and returned to Earth unharmed. The ship with brave dog-dogs was launched into space on August 19, 1960 and made seventeen complete turns around our planet.
The flight took only twenty-five hours, after which Belka and Strelka landed successfully at the cosmodrome.
The main purpose of the experiment to launch into spaceThe second spacecraft-satellite was a study of the effect of space flight on a living biological organism. In the course of the project, factors such as overloads, long-term weightlessness, the transition from weightlessness to congestion and vice versa, and the effects of cosmic radiation on plant and animal organisms were studied. In addition, the scientists conducted several medical and biological experiments and space research.
Tests of Proteins and Arrows
Before the flight, Squirrel and ArrowSevere selection, during which experts selected applicants, based on their age, sex, weight, height, color and even charm. As a result, Belka and Strelka were included in the project, where they became one of twelve dogs participating in a unique experiment. Like real astronauts, animals bravely endured difficult training to transfer overloads, finding themselves in prolonged isolation, receiving special food, and so on.
The first dogs were cosmonauts Chaika and Fox, but their rocket exploded after nineteen seconds after the start.
After the tragedy with Chaika and Lisichka for the role of the firstAnimals, going into space, were selected their backups - Belka and Strelka. A month after the approval of their candidatures, both dogs flew on the second spacecraft "Sputnik-5" to Earth's orbit, where they stayed for more than 24 hours, flying around the Earth seventeen full times. After completing their mission, Belka and Strelka safely "moored" and became a world sensation, clearly proving that from space, you can safely return. After the flight, the dogs were rehabilitated and quietly spent the rest of their lives, comfortably existing at the Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine. Thanks to the data that the scientists received from their sensational mission, the next flight was developed, in which a man - Yuri Gagarin took part.