Unfortunately, many native Russian words we gradually leave the modern man, yielding place to new, came from other languages of scientific terms and concepts.
Language changes dynamically, constantly enriched with vocabulary and grammar, but outdated words are not only of scientific interest.
Used in "sail" the old days, oftenencountered in the works of many famous writers such as Pushkin, Lermontov, Tiutchev, long ago it became archaic and almost completely disappeared from circulation. It is unlikely that today anyone can remember its true, original meaning.
Wind - the ancient Slavic word, rathercommonly used in Russia and signifying nothing more than a sail, it happened, most likely, from the wind words, or old-fashioned "wind." In ancient times, the term "vetriti" was also to denote something that produces the wind. The very same word sail, unfortunately, does not have Slavic roots, and one of the existing versions came to us from Greece.
Sail for Russian ships was very important, he took care of. Expand the sail could only experienced sailors, sails tear, still take that hand, then spoke.
The first documentary evidence of the existence ofthe so-called sails there in the tenth century, in some copies of old Russian literature, mostly extant holy scriptures.
Later sail acquired different meanings in thework is known to us under the name of "Lay" word sail is used as a reference to the irresistible forces and powerful wind. It is interesting that, according to the version of contemporary dictionaries, the word acquired a totally different figurative sense, for example, sustainable combination "rudderless", which in modern language is used without understanding the true meaning of the words of its components, it means the element is not subject to human powers, insurmountable circumstances or business that has no clear objectives and clear intentions.
It is believed that the sails were called and the wind itself, a form of the word acquired in lost vocative case.
Word of the wind in its original meaningoften found in the great works of literature of the 19th century. Famous writers and poets honored and often turned to the original Russian terminology, enriching and contemporaries instilling a culture of dialogue and respect for the language of their ancestors.
Today, the word sail has such a wideDistribution and belongs to the category of book terms and concepts, unfortunately, today's Russians do not think, and even more confused the value of an old sail with the wind mill, or even, in rare cases, having the knowledge of its true meaning, which is the creator has put into it.