Unfortunately, many native Russian words gradually leave the speech of modern man, giving way to new scientific terms and concepts coming from other languages.
Language dynamically changes, constantly enriched lexically and grammatically, but obsolete words represent not only scientific interest.
Used in the old days "sail", oftenWhich occurs in the works of many eminent authors, such as Pushkin, Lermontov, Tyutchev, long ago became an archaism and almost completely disappeared from circulation. It is unlikely that anyone today will be able to recall his true, original meaning.
Windy - old Slavic word, ratherOften used in Russia and denoting nothing less than a sail, it most likely occurred from the word wind, or in the old manner of "wind". In ancient times, the notion of "wind" was also used to designate something that produces wind. The very word sail, unfortunately, does not have Slavic roots and according to one of the existing versions came to us from Greece.
The sail for Russian ships was extremely important, it was protected. Only experienced seamen could unfold the sails, tear the sail, it was like taking away the hand, they said then.
The first documentary evidence of existenceThe so-called winds are found already in the tenth century in some copies of Old Russian literature, which have mostly survived the holy writings.
Later, the windmill acquired other meanings, already inA work known to us under the title "The Lay of Igor's Host", the word sycophant is used as an appeal to the uncontrollable and mighty forces of the wind. It is interesting that, according to the version of modern dictionaries, the word has acquired a completely different, portable meaning, for example, a stable combination of "without rudder and sails", which in modern language is used without realizing the true meaning of the words of its components, means elements not subject to human forces, insurmountable circumstances , Or a case that does not have clear goals and clear intentions.
There is an opinion that the wind was also called the windmill, the word acquired this form in the lost cognitive case.
The word sank in its original meaningQuite often occurs in the great works of literature of the 19th century. Prominent writers and poets honored and often turned to the original Russian terminology, enriching and inculcating the contemporaries with a culture of communication and respect for the language of their ancestors.
Today, the word sailor does not have such a wideDistribution and refers to the category of book terms and concepts, unfortunately, modern Russians do not think, and even more often confuse the meaning of the old wind with the wind or even the mill, in rare cases, knowing about its true meaning, which the creator has invested in it.