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Than the figure differs from the number

Decimal system of numbers came to Europe thanks to the Arabs

The number and the number - these are two different concepts. The figure represents a typically graphic symbol, sign.

The number indicates the number. A two-digit number - a number that consists of two digits.

There are differences in terms of "figure" and "number" in terms of mathematics and linguistics.

Mathematical differences

In total there are 9 digits: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0. To include 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0, and 10,11,12 and many others. There are fractional (1.24) and a negative number (-5). The natural numbers - prime numbers is used for the counting. Fractional, positive and negative numbers do not exist.
The modern decimal system of calculationIt based on the Arabic numerals, which were introduced to Europe in the 13th century. Prior to that, Europeans used the Roman numeral system. Until now, Roman characters are used in some hand and wall clocks, but also to indicate the bulleted list in the texts.
In the past, the figures referred to letters of the alphabet.
You can draw an analogy between the figures, numbers,letters and words. All words are denoted by letters. There are words consisting of several letters, and words, which consist of only one letter, such as prepositions (a, y) or unions (and, and).
Similarly, the number consists of numbers and denotedthem. Number 1 consists of a number 1. The number 200 is made up of figures 2 and 0. The number 25 consists of two numbers: 2 and 5. Mobile phone number 9876543210 is composed of ten digits.
The figure - a symbol or graphic symbol by which the recorded number.
Single digits may be confused with the figures. To understand what is in front of you, or the number of the figure, refer to the context.
Numbers can be added, to share and spend time with them other mathematical operations. It is impossible to do with numbers. The numbers can be defined something, such as an equation.

Linguistic differences

When it comes to official figures, thespeech used the word "figure". For example, we can talk about numbers in the unemployment rate, inflation or trade. In this sense, the word "figure" close to the concepts of "statistics" or "data".
The term "number" is used in numerology asa sign that affects the destiny. For example, the date of birth in the figures indicate the characteristics of the person. Each figure is endowed with a special mystical meaning. It is also believed that some of the figures are able to bring good luck.
The word "number" in the speech is most often used in the sense of "quantity". For example, you can name the exact number of victims after the accident.
Another meaning of the word "number" - a calendarday or date. Also, this concept refers to the day of the month. In the Russian language used ordinal numbers. So, we can say that today is the twenty-fourth day of April two thousand years of the fourteenth to twenty fourth number. The word "number" in the "date" value is used in everyday speech.
Also, the word "number" is used in the sense of "the totality of something" and "amount". For example, the result of the equation 5 + 4 = 9 is the number 9, it is the sum of 4 and 5.

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