Song Immortal (Sun Xi Mao's doctor), feeling,That he was getting old, moved to a secluded place with green hills and clear water, built a house and dug a pond, planted trees and flowers and lived there until 101. We would also not be disturbed.
In connection with the relevance of gardening, the direction "landscape design" comes to the fore.
There are several points of view.
Some believe that landscape design is purelyWorking sphere. Like, people come, dig up the earth, stick trees, lay a lawn, dig a hole, fill with water - here is a garden with a pond. A little later, birds arrive, a hammock hangs, neighbor children resort. Workers act on the same schemes, tested for years. The customer is satisfied in most cases, since the basis of the scheme is the principle of convenience and average beauty. Birds and children are voluntary litmus sticks: they flew in and came running, so here it is something beautiful and interesting ... with trees.
Others believe that this trend in art. The main task of this direction is to create a harmonious environment for daily activities. In this it differs from gardening, which is aimed at obtaining an actual (agricultural) result in the form of fruits and seeds. The main criteria of landscape design: practicality, simplicity and beauty.
Of course, the phased development of landscapeDesign points to horticultural roots. Since the primary need of man is the preservation of life through the consumption of food, the tree was planted to receive the fruit. And only when a man was full, he could pay attention to the beauty of the tree, the fruit of the bearer. Thus, gardening has become widespread in the courts of rulers and nobles of the East. Further, gardening, like art, has spread almost everywhere.
But what is interesting is that landscape design is likeThe direction did not develop due to fruit trees and decorative flowers, moreover - not in the outlying Chinese villages. This concept of the twentieth century arose in a smoky Western Europe (in Germany, Austria, Great Britain), where the process of industrialization led to the destruction of natural resources and pollution of the environment.
Bob Flowes in the book "Secrets of Chinese longevityEmperors "writes the following:" [It is necessary] to live in a quiet, secluded place, filled with fresh air, sunlight, well ventilated, with moderate humidity, where there is practically no pollution, noise, hustle and bustle. These are places like the seashore, the village, the mountains. " It should take note of its recommendations in the implementation of landscape design. Since most of us still live in the city, designers have developed a lot of options that represent stylization for certain types of landscape.