Owners of housing in recent years have chosen such kind of heating, as warm floors.
People do not want to wait for mercy from housing and utilities with their scheduleConnection of heating. Warm water floors in your home or warm electric floors will provide a comfortable temperature of 25 degrees at the level of the legs of the person all year round and 20 at the level of the head.
With warm floors you will forget about drafts with their negative consequences for health.
In addition, the absence of the usual radiators under the windows gives freedom for design solutions in the interior design of the room.
You will need
- - any heat-insulating material used in construction-
- - damper (wound) tape-
- - polyethylene film-
- - a metal rod with a diameter of 4-5 mm-
- - Metal-plastic or polypropylene pipes with a diameter of 20 mm-
- - plastic clamps, fastening tapes or special clips-
- - corrugated pipe-
- - concrete grade M-300 (B-22.5) or higher-
- - sand (sand concrete) -
- - ceramic tiles or parquet, carpet, linoleum, etc.
Today, the most common is the concrete system of a warm water floor. If your room has an area of less than 40 square meters. M, start the installation of warm floors from the laying of the thermal insulation layer.
To do this, first clean the bottom of the floorFrom garbage. Lay the heat-insulating material in a layer of 30-150 mm. Extruded polystyrene foam, foam concrete, foam foam, mineral wool, technical plug, etc., depending on room humidity. In rooms with high humidity, select expanded polystyrene. And to ensure good sound absorption suitable mineral wool.
Along the entire perimeter of the room, place a damper(Wound) tape width of 10-15 cm. It will compensate for the expansion of the concrete screed, arising from heat. Spread polyethylene film all over the floor.
Place a reinforcing mesh (150x150 mm) from a metal rod 4-5 mm in diameter under the pipe contour. You can additionally lay another layer on the pipes.
Lay the pipes for the heating system according to one of theSchemes - a snake, a meander (double snake) or a spiral. For a more even distribution of heat, give preference to the latter two schemes. Select the step of laying pipes from 10 to 30 cm. In the area of the outer walls of the building, as well as in the window and door area, reduce the pitch of the pipes. The minimum distance from the wall to the pipe is not less than 7 cm.
For fastening pipes (in increments of up to 1 m), usePlastic clamps, fastening tapes and a variety of special clips. On the heat pipe in the places of expansion joints, install a protective corrugated pipe 40-50 cm in length.
At 1 square. M at a step of 20 cm will need about 5 running meters of pipes. This is enough to heat a room of 20 square meters. M. Installation of warm water floors, in contrast to warm electric floors, does not require accounting for the arrangement of furniture. You can move your furniture as you like, warm water floors will not be a hindrance.
Having finished installation of warm floors, proceed to crimping the heating system. Check with a hydraulic test the tightness of the entire heating system, including boilers, piping and vessels.
Start to pour concrete screed. Before the installation of warm floors, the heating system must remain at a pressure of 3-4 bar. To make a concrete screed, prepare a cement-sand mortar and lay it above the pipes to a height of at least 3 cm and not more than 15 cm. It is better to install warm floors in summer, since the packaged mortar will acquire the necessary strength only after a month.
After the concrete curing has completely hardened, gradually increase the water temperature in the heating system. Within 3 days gradually go to the value of the operating mode.
Lay the finishing coat on top of the concrete screed. It can be laminate, ceramic tile, linoleum, parquet, carpet, etc. The materials must have a special designation that they are suitable for warm floors.
Laying water warm floors or warm electric floors, you will appreciate the new quality of life. The comfort of your home now depends only on you.