Homeowners in recent years have chosen this type of heating is underfloor heating.
People do not want to wait for the mercy of utilities with their scheduleheating connection. Warm water floor in your home or warm electric floor provide a comfortable year-round temperature of 25 degrees at the level of human feet and 20 - at the head level.
With warm floors you will forget about the drafts with their negative consequences for health.
In addition, the absence of the usual radiators under windows gives you the freedom to design decisions in matters of interior decoration premises.
You will need
- - Any insulating material used in stroitelstve-
- - Damper (rantovoy) tape-
- - polyethylene film-
- - Metal bars 4-5 mm-diameter
- - Pipes made of metal or polypropylene 20 mm-diameter
- - Plastic clips, straps or special klipsy-
- - corrugated pipe-
- - Concrete grade M-300 (V-22.5), or the above
- - Sand (sand concrete) -
- - Ceramic tiles or parquet, carpet, linoleum, etc.
At present, the most common is a concrete floor system of warm water. If your room has an area of less than 40 square meters. m, start the installation of underfloor heating with laying thermal insulation layer.
For this pre-clean the subfloorof debris. Place a layer of insulating material to 30-150 mm. Use depending on the room humidity extruded polystyrene, foam, penoplex, mineral wool, technical cork, etc. In areas with high humidity, select polystyrene. And to ensure good sound absorption suitable mineral wool.
Along the perimeter of the room lay a damper(Rantovoy) tape width of 10-15 cm. It will compensate for the expansion of the concrete ties arising from the heat. Across the floor spread a plastic film.
Under the circuit lay pipe reinforcement mesh (150x150 mm) from a metal bar with a diameter of 4-5 mm. Can additionally be laid on one layer of the pipe.
Place the tube for the heating system for one of theschemes - snake, square (double snake) or spiral. For a more uniform distribution of heat preference is given to the last two schemes. Select the step of laying pipes from 10 to 30 cm. In the area of external walls of buildings, as well as in the area of windows and doors move down the pipe laying. The minimum distance from the wall to the tube - not less than 7 cm.
To fix the pipe (in increments of up to 1 m), useplastic clips, straps and a variety of special clips. In the heat pipe in the ground joints install protective corrugated pipe length of 40-50 cm.
In the 1st quarter. m at a step 20 cm will need about 5 meters of pipe. This is enough to heat the room 20 square. m. Mounting of underfloor heating water, as opposed to warm electric Flooring, does not involve consideration of arrangement of furniture. You can move your furniture as you like, warm water floors this will not be a hindrance.
After finishing the installation of underfloor heating, proceed to pressure testing the heating system. Check with a hydraulic leak test of the entire heating system, including boilers, piping and vessels.
Proceed to fill the concrete screed. Before the end of the installation of underfloor heating system must remain under the pressure of 3-4 bar. For making concrete screed, prepare cement-sand mortar and lay it over the pipe to a height of at least 3 cm and 15 cm. Mounting of underfloor heating to perform better in the summer, as laid solution will acquire the necessary strength only at the end of the month.
After complete curing of the concrete screed smoothly promote the water temperature in the heating system. Within 3 days gradually get out on the value of the operating mode.
On top lay a concrete screed finishing coating. This may be a laminate, ceramic tile, linoleum, parquet, carpet, etc. On materials should be specially marked, that they are suitable for underfloor heating.
Stacked water underfloor heating or electrical warm floors, you'll appreciate the new quality of life. Comfort of your home now depends only on you.