Sterlitamak is a city in the Republic of Bashkortostan,Founded in 1766 and located on an area of 108.5 square kilometers. According to estimates at the beginning of 2014 in Sterlitamak lived 277.05 thousand people - Russian, Tatars, Bashkirs, Chuvashes, Ukrainians, Mordvins and other nationalities.
The city in Soviet times deserved the status of a "center of the chemical industry," which it retained to this day.
A bit of history and geography
Located Sterlitamak on the left bank of the Belaya River, which is a tributary of Kama, 120 kilometers from the capital of Bashkortostan - the city of Ufa.
Sterlitamak is the second largest city in the republic after the Bashkir capital.
According to historical information, its nameThe city received after merging into a single two words "erased" and "tamak." The first is the name of the river that flows next to Sterlitamak, and the second one is translated from the Turkic language as "mouth" or "mouth". That is, the literal translation of the word is "the mouth of the Sterly River".
To the east of Sterlitamak there are the Ural Mountains, and on the western side - the East European Plain.
Its existence is largely due to the merchantSavva Nikiforov, who lived in the first half of the 18th century. It was he who initiated the construction of the pier next to a small settlement at the site of Sterlitamak. The main purpose of the harbor was to transport salt to Kama, and then to other cities then the Russian Empire.
Why is Sterlitamak called the "chemical capital"?
In the territory of urban industrial zonesThere are a large number of chemical and petrochemical enterprises that provide substantial tax deductions to the republican budget. Only in 2008, chemists and petrochemists produced products for a total of 37.34 billion rubles.
One of the leading in Sterlitamak and providingThe work of several thousand people is considered the enterprise "Soda", which in the same 2008th produced various goods at 13.788 billion rubles. Slightly behind the company and JSC "Kaustik", which shipped in the same year of production for 10.344 billion rubles.
Known throughout Russia and the "Sterlitamak Petrochemical Plant", which is the only producer of phenolic antioxidants in the country, as well as stabilizers from the "Agidol" series.
The purpose of phenolic antioxidants is the further production of rubber.
There are machine-building giants in Sterlitamak. This is the Sterlitamak Machine Tool Building Plant (abbreviated to MTE), Krasny Proletary Plant, the large Car Repair Plant, Stroymash Plant, and many others.
Does not apply to mechanical engineering, nor to chemicalBut produces very demanded products "Sterlitamak distillery", which is a branch of JSC "Bashspirt". The city also houses the brewery "Shihan", owned by the company "Heiniken".