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How to start beekeeping

How to start beekeeping

Beekeeping - employment fascinating and profitable. But if you are a beginner, an apiary organize easily and quickly fail.

You will need to choose the best location for the hives, to correctly position them to stock up on necessary equipment and provide a number of important nuances.

Why do you need a bee

First you need to decide what youBasically beekeeping. If you just want to have fresh honey and propolis quality for family and closest friends, will suffice 3-5 bee colonies. If you think to make money on the sale of honey, it will take at least 10-15 bee colonies.

Where to place the apiary

For site selection should be approached with the utmostcare. Most suitable for the installation of beehives hilly place with uneven terrain. There's honey plants bloom longer, it depends on the heat sunlight different sides of the hills. On the southern plants they begin to bloom earlier in the western and eastern little later, on the north even later.

It is also good that, in the case of hilly terrain, compared to plain, collecting the maximum area around the hive will be more.

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The site for the apiary must be located away fromfarms, large bodies of water, compost pits, cultivated fields with pesticides, high-voltage lines. Better if there will be no other apiaries, as in this case, there is a risk of disease transmission and gathering bees.

If you are located close to residential houses,apiary desirable to fence a fence two meters, impenetrable. Then the bees will fly away to honey, just to climb, and as a result less disturbing your neighbors. In addition, the fence protects from the wind, which changes the composition of the air in the hive unfavorable (special microclimate there should remain).

The location and structure of the hives

Offered for sale are a lot of hivesIndustrial production of various designs. For the first time, you can choose these model homes for bees, and then, when the time comes experience, modify their own.

Select the hive, and the bottom wall where the thickness of 40mm: the bees will be easier to maintain the required temperature in 32-35oS, insects will be protected from the cold and wind. Inside you need to put the moss or straw, they will be warm and absorb moisture secreted by bees.

Most good hives - basswood, aspen, fir andvery resinous pine. Outside they are covered with drying oil, paint, and the best in a variety of colors, so that insects do not confuse their homes. For the same purpose can be rotated and bridges notch in opposite directions.

To place the hives do not need to get too close to eachother optimally - at a distance of about two meters. Bee house should be hidden from the sun, otherwise the bees will give all the power to the ventilation hives and produce less honey.

Putting the hives needed to cleansed of weeds platform, mounted on wooden racks.

Clothing and equipment

Find a place and buy the hives with bees - is half the battle. Equip apiary is impossible without special clothing and necessary equipment. Working things must be compact and light, lint-free cloth. These clothes should not hamper your movements and pass the bees to the body.

Novice beekeepers are encouraged to work inrubber gloves. When you will have the necessary skills, it will be possible to abandon their use. And without the front grid approach the bees should not even seasoned beekeepers. Predict bite sometimes impossible, and if a bee sting in the eye, you can lose sight.

Yes, and the bite in other parts of the face and the body there is a risk of unpleasant consequences, such as an allergy.

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As for the rest of the inventory on the firstthe time necessary to have a smoker, a box to carry the box, chisel, navaschivatel, gumption, wire, knife, honeycombs, extractor and roevnyu. All the rest will be available later, when the apiary will expand.

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