Beekeeping is a fascinating and profitable occupation. But if you are a beginner, it will not be easy and quick to organize an apiary.
It will be necessary to choose the optimal location for the hives, properly arrange them, stock up on the necessary inventory and provide for many important nuances.
Why do you need bees
First you need to decide what you want inPrinciple to engage in beekeeping. If you just want to have fresh honey and quality propolis for family and closest friends, you will have 3-5 families of bees. If you plan to make money on selling honey, you will need at least 10-15 bee colonies.
Where to place the apiary
The selection of a site should be approached from allThoroughness. The hills with an uneven terrain are most suitable for the installation of hives. There, the blossoms bloom longer, it depends on the heating of the sun rays of different sides of the hills. On southern plants start to bloom earlier, on the western and eastern a little later, on the northern ones even later.
It is also good that in the case of hilly terrain, compared to the plain, the maximum gathering area around the hive will be greater.
The area for the apiary should be kept away fromFarms, large reservoirs, compost pits, cultivated pesticides fields, high-voltage lines. It is better if there are no other apiaries alongside, since in this case there is a danger of carrying diseases and gathering bees.
If there are residential buildings nearby,It is advisable to fence the apiary with a two-meter-high fence, impenetrable. Then the bees will, flying away to the honey collector, immediately gain altitude, and as a result less disturb the neighbors. Among other things, the fence protects against the wind, which changes the air composition in the hives in an unfavorable direction (there should be a special microclimate).
Location and structure of hives
Today a lot of beehives are on saleIndustrial production of various designs. For the first time you can choose such a typical house for bees, and then, when the experience comes, modify them yourself.
Choose hives, walls and bottom in which thicker than 40Millimeters: bees will be easier to maintain the necessary temperature of 32-35 ° C, insects will be protected from cold and wind. Inside you need to put moss or straw, they will warm and absorb the moisture released by the bees.
The best hives are from linden, aspen, fir and notVery resinous pine. Outside they are covered with linseed oil, they are painted, and it is best to use different colors so that insects do not confuse their dwellings. For the same purpose, you can turn bridges and tapholes in different directions.
Place hives should not be too close to each otherFriend, optimally - at a distance of about two meters. Bees' houses should be hidden from the scorching sun, otherwise bees will give all their strength to the ventilation of the hives and produce less honey.
Put the hives on a cleared weed pad, fastened on wooden racks.
Clothes and equipment
Finding a place and buying beehives with bees is half the battle. It is impossible to equip the apiary without special clothing and the necessary equipment. Working things should be dense and light, without pile. Such clothes should not hold your movements and let the bees go to the body.
Beginners are recommended to work inRubber gloves. When you have the necessary skills, you can refuse to use them. And without a facial mesh, it's not worth even approaching beekeepers to approach bees. Predicting a bite is sometimes impossible, and if a bee stings in the eye, you can lose sight.
And when biting into other parts of the face and body, there is a risk of unpleasant consequences, such as, for example, allergies.
As for the rest of the inventory, for the first timeTime it is necessary to have a smoke-box, a box to carry frames, a chisel, a bulker, a note, a wire, a knife, a wax, a honey-comb and a rover. All the rest can be purchased later, when the apiary will expand.