Religious fanaticism - the most extreme,aggressive form of zeal in matters of religion and faith. It is characterized by a certain unshakeable beliefs and teachings of intolerance towards other people's views.
History knows many examples of how fanaticism acted adversely to certain groups of people and whole nations, forcing to go with fire and sword on dissidents.
Signs of religious fanaticism
The main feature of obsessive repetition ideaIt considered intolerant of other faiths. Unconcealed hatred and contempt for other faiths breeds aggression, manifested at times in the most hideous ways. By itself, a fanatic does not bear a great threat to society, but the union of the people in the group may sooner or later turn into open conflict between people of different faiths. Harmful mass fanaticism and even that will suffer from such actions not only the fanatics, but maloreligioznye and non-religious groups of citizens.
Declassified files in the case of execution of the tsarfamily revealed the deep roots of the Jewish orthodox fanaticism. Ritual murder was committed on the eve of "9th of Av" - taking of Jerusalem and the destruction of Solomon's temple.
Another feature is the religious fanaticismOrthodox religious fundamentalism, which does not accept anything new. Fanatic sees his idea as the absolute truth, is not subject to criticism in any of its manifestations. Even if the criticism is valid and justified, an ardent follower of the religious idea is not able to take constructive objections. Often, a fan finds it a personal affront and is able to bring the dispute before the fight, which quickly enters a state of affect. At the same time realizing that it can be defeated, he sees what is happening as a fight against evil, and is ready to kill any opponent, or take the "martyr's" death.
Fanatics like to first hang tags,loudly saying: "heretic", "sectarian", "pagan", etc. Putting a person in an awkward position, the main task of the individual rabid - force your opponent to retreat and get lost. At the same time the main goal is to win in a verbal or hand to hand combat, rather than ideological issues of the series "whose god is correct."
Examples of religious fanaticism in history
The religious struggle in the ancient world presenton the territory of many modern countries. The most famous persecution on religious grounds are considered to be the extermination of the followers of the religious reforms of Akhenaten in Ancient Egypt, the persecution of Christians in the heyday of the Roman Empire.
But perhaps the most famous victim of dissentHe became Jesus Christ, and nearly all of his apostles. For his ideas and "heretical" sermons among the Jewish population of each of them took a terrible martyrdom.
Mass religious fanaticism in the Middle AgesEurope resulted in crusades, destroying other people's culture, and "witch hunt." Entire generations of fanatics seen in paganism and dissent threat to their spiritual world and tried to physically exterminate all those who do not fall under the definition of a true believer.
From fanatics killed Giordano Bruno, JeanneArc, John Huss and many others. Those scientists, thinkers, philosophers, who did not manage to burn at the stake, forced to abandon their ideas: Galileo Galilei, Nicolaus Copernicus.
St. Bartholomew - the terrible massacre of the Huguenots(French Protestants), provoked ardent Catholic Catherine de Medici in August 1572. On that day, according to some estimates killed more than 30 000 people, they were all branded with the word "heretic".
The downside was the anti-religiousfanaticism in the period of Soviet power. He put it in the fight against prejudice, persecution of the Church, religion and militant atheism. In fact, the same "witch hunt", only in reverse.
Religious fanaticism in the contemporary world
In today's world, religious fanaticism oftenoften associated with the Islamic world - terrorism, jihad, Sharia courts, etc. In particular, in the example given tragedy of 11 September 2001 in the USA, mass murder of Christians by Muslims in Indonesia in 2000, the modern religious clashes in India, as well as individual acts of terrorism around the world. However, very often under the guise of religious fanaticism in fact, subject to certain political and financial power, the objectives of which are very far from Islam, in particular, and of faith in general.