For individual construction of wooden houses generally use two methods. The first building is being built in one stage.
This category includes, for example, the frame houses.
In the second case, the house is built in two steps: first, construct a box, for example, from a bar, and when it will stand, hold the final finish.
Construction of houses of timber has its technological details.
The benefits of timber houses
Frame construction are considered simpler and moreconvenient from the point of view of technology of their construction. Yet the house of timber used in the market of individual housing construction more popular. What is the secret appeal of houses of timber for the end user?
The first reason for this choice - economic. In frame houses can enter immediately after the construction, but often have to pay for it the whole amount at once. But the home from a bar, dried in natural conditions, built in several stages, respectively, and pay for work of builders, as a rule, paid in parts, at the end of the next stage of the construction of homes.
Another reason is the fact that the framedesign does not seem to be a reliable and trustworthy customer. Many customers individually built homes are sure that frame building easy to destroy. It is believed that a reliable home should be massive. Indeed, in performance of timber houses are not inferior structures of thick logs.
Home from a bar: the choice of foundation
The initial cycle of construction of the structure of the timberIt involves the construction of the foundation. Houses made of beams, as a rule, put on tape, columnar or slab foundation. If you want to reduce the cost of construction of the house to a minimum, choose the type of columnar base. The more expensive and reliable method of installation is considered to be the house on stilts, rigidly interconnected ribbon of concrete - grillage.
Pile foundations have proved themselves on loose soils, for example, with the inclusion of peat.</ Blockquote>
Slab foundation has as its basisreinforced concrete slab. The house rests on it all the walls. It is best to use a base in areas where the water table is high. Please be aware that more expensive slab foundation or columnar pile, because for him Bookmarks require a large amount of concrete and reinforcement.
Strip foundation is relatively cheap and quitereliable. It is a horizontal frame in the form of tape having identical sectional shape. The tape is placed under all load-bearing walls of the house, allowing you to evenly distribute the load and eliminate possible deformation of the structure. This type of foundation is widely used in the construction of houses of timber, regardless of the universal.
How to choose the right bar
On sale you can find a natural timberhumidity various sizes. Today, increasingly use timber section 100x150 mm, for floors - section of 150x200 mm. It is best to choose a timber made from selected logs. It will cost more, but these costs are recouped quality of the material and its durability.
Once popular bar section 100x100 mmNow less and less used. The walls of this material is less resistant to low temperatures, therefore, require additional insulation. The cost of such a timber is almost the same as that of larger cross-section billets, but the complexity of the construction of homes increases, because the number of laying wreaths to be increased by about half. Proportionally it is growing and the number of joints that need to be caulked.
It should also be aware that a small cross-section of timber wall limits the length of the house that can be built without additional stiffeners.</ Blockquote>
Build the walls of the timber house
The construction design of the timber is usually carried outon-site installation. It is widely used two ways to connect the corners "in Oblomov" and "paw". The choice is determined by the features of the architecture of the building and predilections of the owner of the future house. If you plan to subsequently insulate and sheathe the house, should choose cabin "in a paw."
They begin to collect on the walls with the installation basefirst crown, performs strapping function. After fastening the corners of the lower crown put the seal, and it has set the bar next crown. Consistently laying wreath for the crown, pick the wall in accordance with the planned height of the first floor. Then mount ceiling, and erect them on top of the attic or second floor if necessary.
The final stage of the construction of timber houses
When the log walls are installed, you can proceed tolaying floors. Usually they do a double, using a thermal insulation, which also performs the function of sound insulation. Logs are generally manufactured from a bar of the same section as the walls of the house. Sometimes when creating a so-called sub-floor joists to attach the bottom of the edging boards. Then the floorboard of the decking plank floor finishing.
The time is coming home roof. Very often, home from a bar-type cottage has a loft that requires more insulated roof. Builders used a trick: on the first stage of construction construct a temporary roof of roofing material, and change it to a constant before the completion of construction.
After the installation of the roof and coverage of its roofmaterial is mounted in the building windows and doors. There are two possibilities. You can set these items right away, without waiting for drying log. And you can wait to complete the last stage of construction of the house. This route is preferable because the house will settle and gradually subside, and the shrinkage will not lead to significant deformation of the whole structure.
Finally, after the house will shrink anddry timber, produce wall insulation, interior and exterior building finishes. Very often, the finished house draped brick that allows you to combine the useful properties of a wooden structure with the performance of more durable material. The walls, decorated with insulation, usually later sheathe decorative materials that perform as an important aesthetic function.