Salmonellosis is an intestinal acute infection that is characterized by a disturbance of the water balance and the development of intoxication.
Salmonellosis can be asymptomatic, and can manifest as severe septic forms.
How to catch salmonella
The source of infection is most oftenPets and birds. But also a person can be a carrier. The risk group includes products that have not been thermally treated well: meat, fish, poultry, cottage cheese, eggs, milk or sour cream. Cases of infection through water are frequent.
Symptoms of salmonella
The incubation period ranges from several hours to several days (usually up to three).
With gastrointestinal form Develops: stool disorder, headache, weakness, fever, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain localized in the umbilical region. This form is diagnosed in 98% of cases.
Light form Salmonellosis is poorly expressed and there is practically no symptomatology. The only thing can be a liquid table and a slight increase in temperature.
Heavy form Characterized by severe intoxication, high long-term temperature, watery stinking stool, a drop in blood pressure, cyanosis of the skin and acute kidney failure.
Typhoid-like form Is accompanied not only by intoxication, but also by a rash.
Septic salmonellosis Represents a great danger to the life of the patient. The disease begins acutely and with each passing day the condition only worsens.
Treatment of salmonellosis
- A strict diet is prescribed.
- Enveloping and carminative drugs.
- Antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce temperature.
- To reduce the effects of intoxication use intravenous administration of drugs: hemodez, polyglucin and glucose.