Women over the age of forty, old people and people leading a sedentary lifestyle are more prone to constipation.
While residents of rural areas very rarely complain about this disease.
Classification of laxatives
Laxatives differ among themselves inMethod and mechanism of action. Some of them induce the intestine to increase the evacuation activity, exerting an exciting effect on the nerve endings of the mucous membrane. To this group of laxatives there are means of natural origin: castor oil "Plantex" or bark of buckthorn and artificially created preparations, for example, "Bisakodil".
A very important stage of digestion, whichOccurs in the intestine - is the absorption of water from the liquid mass of feces. The next group of laxatives prevents its absorption. In this case, the mass of feces increases, stimulates the intestine and induces it to defecate. These include: magnesium, glauber's salt and magnesium sulfate.
The following category of laxativesInfluence not on the state of the intestine, but on the physical characteristics of the stool. For example, with the use of sea kale, the amount of feces increases, thanks to the agar-agar contained in it. Such means have the means: "Macrogol" and "Lactonose".
There are also combined preparations showing a strong laxative effect. They include: "Izaman", "Normakol" and "Regulaks".
All laxatives are different forIntensity of impact on the body. The choice of a medicine depends primarily on the purpose of its use. There are permeable laxatives used for preoperative cleaning of the intestine: "Sorbitol" and "Glucite". Such laxatives are applied before starvation.
Another group of drugs effective in the treatment of constipation, increasing motor activity in the intestines and contributing to the withdrawal of feces: "Cisapride" and "Tegaserod."
Prevention of constipation
Very often, chronic constipation is causedA disease of the digestive system and the gastrointestinal tract. Before using medicines, you can try to improve the situation with the following recommendations:
- after waking up for thirty to forty minutes before breakfast, drink one or two glasses of water at room temperature. With this procedure, the stomach is cleaned and the process of digestion-
- to massage the abdomen.
Active lifestyle, healthy eating, availability inThe diet of a large number of raw vegetables and fruits will improve intestinal motility and prevent the occurrence of constipation. If treatment requires the use of medicines, it is first necessary to consult with a specialist.