Those who decided to relax in Indonesia, on the beautiful island of Bali, will also be interested in the neighboring island of Java. The flight will take only an hour.
The island is considered the most populous in the world.
Despite the huge number of inhabitants, one-fourth of the island is occupied by tropical forests.
More Java attracts tourists with an endless number of volcanoes, more than 30 of which are active. To be surprised by the beauty and uniqueness of the island is endless.
What awaits those who decide to get acquainted with the island of Java?
Temple of Buddha Borobudur
Borobudur Was built in the IX century and is considered one of the mostLarge Buddhist temple complexes in the world. After the eruption of the volcano, around 1006, the temple was partially destroyed and completely covered with ashes. Local residents were forced to leave their homes, the temple was abandoned and overgrown with jungles. For many centuries Borobudur remained hidden from the eyes of people, and only in 1814 the researchers stumbled upon a pile of stones with a pattern carved on them. Excavation began. Only by the end of the 20th century the complete restoration of the temple complex and the area around it was completed.
The temple is built in the form of a pyramid, on a high hill,Among mountains and rice terraces. The height of Borobudur is 34 meters and consists of eight tiers. Eight tiers - eight steps to enlightenment. At the very top of the pyramid is a huge stupa, which symbolizes the ultimate goal of Buddhist teaching - nirvana. Inside the temple there is nothing, but it is generously decorated with exterior carved panels (1500 bas-reliefs and 500 Buddha statues), and around the main stupa there are 72 more bells in the top. Borobudur is majestic and grandiose. It is included in UNESCO list.
Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park
This National Park is known for itsSeveral volcanoes settled at once. The area of the park is huge - more than 500 square meters. Km, in territory among tropical jungle also there are 4 lakes, rivers, waterfall. But mostly people come here who are interested in volcanoes.
Mount Brom (height 2300 m) is located inside a huge Tengger caldera, The width of which is about 11 km. Inside the caldera, around the mountain, five volcanoes - Bromo (Height more than 2300 m), Batok(Height more than 2400 m), Watangan (Height more than 2650 m), Kursi (Height more than 2550 m) and Vidodaren (Height more than 2600 m). All volcanoes except Batok, operating. On the outside, the caldera is surrounded by seven more mountain peaks.
In another part of the national park you can see the highest volcano of the island of Java - Semeru. The height of Semer is about 3700 m, it has several craters, in one of them there is a lava lake. Over the past few years, the volcano has become more active, gas and ash emissions occur every 30 to 40 minutes.
The most exciting types of ancient volcanoes areWatch at dawn. Therefore, on any observation platform of the park, by 5 am quite a lot of people are gathering. Do not forget that the mountains are cool enough, dress warmly and then nothing can stop you from seeing everything with your own eyes.
Near the mountain Bromo is located Wonderful waterfall Madakaripura. The waterfall is inside the rock, consists of sevenCascades, the height of about 200 m. To see the most important one will have to go along the path through the water streams of smaller cascades. The waterfall is not stormy - you should not be afraid.
Temple complex Prambanan
Several Hindu and Buddhist temples were assembled in the complex. Located Prambanan Near the capital of the island, next to the volcanoMerapi, the territory of the complex extends for many kilometers. It consists of three zones: in the central part - 8 main and 8 small temples, in the middle part - a lot of less significant temples, there is still an outside part - here you will find quite small temple buildings that were more affected by the earthquake in 2006. Soon after the construction (VIII-XIX century), the temple complex was abandoned and decayed, only in 1918 the restoration was started. Since 1991, Prambanan has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The walls of all the temples are decorated with carved bas-reliefs andFrescoes depicting scenes from the Ramayana, the god Shiva, who creates and destroys the world, the bird of Garuda, which is now a symbol of Indonesia. The main temple of the Loro Jongrang complex, 45 meters high, consists of three temples dedicated to the gods Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu. He is surrounded by several other equally significant temples dedicated to animals that transported the gods - The bull of Lord Shiva, the eagle of the god Vishnu and the goddess of god Brahma.The territory of the temple complex is huge and largePart is covered with forest, in good weather you can see the volcano. It is better to visit Prambanan in the early morning - there are fewer people, and not so hot. If you want to see not only the central part, then plan to visit the complex all day.
High mountain plateau Dieng Is located in the central part of the island of Java. It was formed on the site of a huge caldera of an ancient volcano. Forever covered with haze, the plain stretching among the mountains surrounded by rice plantations, strikes with its beauty. In the east of the plateau towering Hindu temples of the XVII century. Initially, the temples were built more than three hundred, which gave the plateau the name Dieng - "Abode of the Gods." Unfortunately, until our time, only a small part has survived - only eight temples.
Once on the plateau, you can seeSmoking volcano Singkidang volcano, it is modest in size, but quite formidable. Due to the constant volcanic activity in Dieng, geysers and thermal springs are abundant. Surprise you and volcanic Lake Telaga Varna, In sunny weather, the lake's water becomes bright green.
Temple complex Chandi Sukuh
The church was built in the 15th century on the slope of the Lava Mountains, on theHeight of 900 meters. This is the only temple in Indonesia, which is built in the form of a stepped pyramid identical to the pyramids of the Mayan people, which causes considerable surprise and gives rise to many mysteries. The territory of the complex is rich in various sculptures and altars. Scientists believe that Temple Sukuh Was dedicated to fertility, so many bas-reliefs depict scenes of erotic content. The temple complex is very unusual and it attracts crowds of tourists.
The volcano Kava Ijen
Kava Ijen One of the most interesting, amazing and dangerousVolcanoes not only in Indonesia, but also in the world. The volcano is active, its height is more than 2300 meters. In the crater of the volcano is the lake. But the lake is not ordinary, instead of water there is a mixture of hydrochloric and sulfuric acids. The temperature on the surface of the lake is more than 60 degrees C, and within more than 200 degrees Celsius.
The color of the lake is quite variable: From pale green to malachite. The slopes of the volcano are covered with various pieces of sulfur. While sulfur is liquid, it has a blood-red color, and when it becomes solid it turns bright yellow.
The most amazing sight can be seen at night, when liquid sulfur flows down the slopes of the volcano, burning with a mad blue flame.
Climbing Kava Ijen is not an easy task -High air temperature, poisonous fumes, bad roads. But many do not stop it, the flow of thirsty adventures does not cut at any time of the day. The main thing is to have a protective mask, water, comfortable shoes and good photo equipment. All your efforts will be rewarded with a stunning view of this wonder of nature!
The volcano is visited not only by tourists andResearchers, there is a constant production of sulfur. Local residents in inhuman conditions work day and night. The work is heavy and underpaid, the average life expectancy of an Indonesian sulfur producer is about 30 years.