Those who decided to rest in Indonesia, on the island of Bali, will also be of interest and the neighboring island of Java. The flight takes just an hour.
The island is the most populated in the world.
Despite the huge number of people, a quarter of the island's rainforests.
More Java attracts tourists infinite number of volcanoes, 30 of which are active. Marvel at the beauty and uniqueness of the island can be to infinity.
What awaits those who decide to explore the island of Java?
Borobudur Temple Buddha
Borobudur It was built in the IX century and is considered one of the mostlarge Buddhist temple complexes in the world. After the eruption of the volcano, about 1006, the church was partially destroyed and completely buried the ashes. Locals were forced to leave their homes, the temple was abandoned and all overgrown with jungle. Many century Borobudur remained hidden from the eyes of the people, and only in 1814 the researchers came across a pile of rocks with carved patterns on them. Began excavations. Only at the end of XX century ended with a full recovery of the temple complex and surrounding areas.
The temple was built in the form of a pyramid on a high hill,among the mountains and rice terraces. Borobudur height of 34 meters and consists of eight stages. Eight storeys - eight steps to enlightenment. At the very top of the pyramid is placed a huge stupa, which symbolizes the ultimate goal of the Buddhist teachings - nirvana. Inside the temple there is nothing, but it is lavishly decorated with carved panels outdoor (1500 bas-reliefs and 500 Buddha statues), and around the main stupa at the top placed a further 72 in the form of bells smaller size. Borobudur majestic and grandiose. Included in the list of UNESCO.
National Park Bromo - Tengger - Semeru
This National Park is known for the fact that itThe territory is located several volcanoes. The park is huge - more than 500 square meters. km, the territory surrounded by tropical jungle and there are 4 lakes, rivers, waterfalls. But mostly, here come those who are interested in volcanoes.
Brom Mountain (elevation 2300 m) is located inside a huge Tengger calderaWhose width is about 11 km. Inside the caldera, around the mountain, five volcanoes - Bromo (Height more than 2300 m) Batok(Height more than 2400 m) Vatangan (Height more than 2650 m) Courcy (Height more than 2550 m) Vidodaren (Altitude 2600 m). All volcanoes, except Batok acting. From the outside the caldera surrounded by seven mountain peaks.
the highest volcano of the island of Java can be seen in other parts of the national park - Semeru. Semeru height of about 3700 meters, it has several craters, one of which has a lava lake. The last few years become more active volcano, and ash emissions occur every 30 - 40 minutes.
The most spectacular views of ancient volcanoes canwatching at sunrise. Therefore, any observation deck park, to 5 am going to a lot of people. Do not forget that in the mountains is cool enough to dress warmly and then you nothing can stop to see everything with my own eyes.
Not far from Mount Bromo is located wonderful waterfall Madakaripura. The waterfall is located inside the rock, it consists of sevencascades, about 200 m high. To see the most important will have to pass through the path of water flow smaller cascades. Waterfall is not rapid - should not be afraid.
The temple complex of Prambanan
The complex has collected several Hindu and Buddhist temples. Located Prambanan not far from the island's capital, close to the volcanoMerapi, the territory of the complex extends for many kilometers. It consists of three areas: in the central part - 8 main and 8 small temples in the middle part - a lot of less important temples, there is the outer part of the - here you will find a very small church buildings, which are more affected by the earthquake in 2006. Shortly after the construction of (VIII -IX century) temple complex was abandoned and fell into disrepair, the restoration was started only in 1918. Since 1991 Prambanan is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list.
The walls of the temples are decorated with carved reliefs andfrescoes depicting scenes from the "Ramayana," the god Shiva, creating and destroying the world, the bird Garuda, which is now the symbol of Indonesia. The main temple complex of Loro Dzhongrang, 45 meters high - is made up of three temples dedicated to the gods Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma. It is surrounded by several other not less important temples dedicated to the animals that are transported gods - bull of Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and eagle goose god Brahma.The area of the temple complex is huge and a greatpart wooded, in good weather you can see the volcano. Visit Prambanan better early in the morning - less people, and not so hot. If you want to see not only the central part of the plan to visit the complex all day.
high plateau Dieng It is located in the central part of the island of Java. Formed in place a huge caldera of an ancient volcano. Always covered with mist, the plain stretching between the mountains surrounded by rice plantations, striking in its beauty. To the east the plateau towering Hindu temples of XVII century. Initially, churches were built over three hundred, which gave the plateau Dieng name - "Abode of the Gods". Unfortunately, our time, leaving only a small part - only eight churches.
Once on the plateau, you can seesmoking crater of the volcano Singkidang, it is modest in size but quite formidable. Because you can meet ongoing volcanic activity on the Dieng abundant geysers and hot springs. Surprise you and volcanic Varna lake TelagaIn sunny weather, lake water turns bright green.
Temple complex Candi Sukuh
The temple was built in the XV century on the hillside Lava onan altitude of 900 meters. This is the only temple in Indonesia, which is built in the form of a stepped pyramid Mayan pyramids of identical people, causing considerable surprise and gives rise to a lot of mysteries. The complex in abundance various sculptures and altars. Scientists believe that Sukuh temple It was dedicated to fertility, so many bas-reliefs depicting scenes of erotic content. The temple complex is very unusual and it attracts crowds of tourists.
Kawa Ijen volcano
Kawa Ijen One of the most interesting, surprising and dangerousvolcanoes, not only in Indonesia, but also in the world. Volcano acting, its height is more than 2300 meters. The crater lake. But the lake is not usual, instead of water in it a mixture of hydrochloric and sulfuric acids. The temperature at the surface of the lake more than 60 degrees C, and in more than 200 degrees C.
Lake color quite changeable: from pale green to malachite. The slopes of the volcano are covered with different-sized pieces of sulfur. As long as the liquid sulfur, it has a blood-red color and is bright yellow during solidification.
The most amazing sight can be seen at night when the liquid sulfur flows down the slopes of the volcano, burning blue flame insane.
Climbing the Kawa Ijen not an easy task -high temperatures, toxic fumes, bad roads. But many, it does not stop, the flow of adventurous not excised at any time of the day. The main stock a protective mask, water, comfortable shoes and a good photographic equipment. All your efforts will be rewarded with stunning views of this miracle of nature!
The volcano is visited not only by tourists andresearchers, the constant production of sulfur is carried out. Locals in inhumane conditions working day and night. Work hard and low-paid, the average life expectancy of Indonesian sulfur miner for 30 years.