What type of repair will be needed for the building orConstruction, depends on the duration and conditions of its operation, the capital of the building, on the condition of individual elements: foundations, load-bearing structures, roofing, communications, and so on.
According to the cumulative assessment of the survey, the type of repair is determined.
Reconstruction, capital or current. A cosmetic repair can also be carried out.
A separate category of repairs is elite and European-quality repair.
Any type of repair is carried out in order to extendService life of a building or structure. If the survey of the building showed the need for major repairs, an estimate is made for all types of work. It should be noted that it is difficult to establish clear boundaries between the categories of repair. Major repairs include partial or complete reconstruction of the building (construction), reconstruction of certain parts of the building, replacement of communications and finishing works.
In the course of the survey, before carrying out major repairs, it may be concluded that the building or structure can not be restored and must be demolished.
What can be included in the overhaul? Everything starts with a survey and drawing up an estimate. Work is underway to protect the site and dangerous areas around the building. The equipment of ancillary premises. After that, they begin to replace the sewerage and water supply, the heating system. Replacement of electrical wiring and ventilation systems. An increase in the level of engineering communications and equipment can be conducted taking into account current trends.
The foundation, walls, roofs orArrangement of a new roof. Repair of staircases. If necessary, re-planning is carried out. Can be built superstructures, extensions, or to perform a partial disassembly of the previously built extensions. Then proceed to repair the facades and to its architectural improvements. Replacement of window and doorways. And, in the last turn, internal finishing works are performed: leveling of floors, ceilings, walls. Often, during the overhaul and reconstruction carried out landscaping adjacent territory.
Current repair and its components. Scheduled repairs
Such repairs are carried out for the purpose of restorationOperational characteristics of buildings and structures, in order to prolong the possibility of their operation after restoration works. The current repair is carried out if the building has developed its resource, but it is possible to maintain its operational data.
The basis for carrying out routine maintenance will beInspection or timing of scheduled maintenance. At the same time, the design elements and the state of engineering communications are evaluated. Scheduled repairs for buildings and structures are carried out in the calculated, pre-planned, defined by the regulations, the time for the extension of the regulatory lifetime. It is linked to a major or current repair.
Scheduled repairs can be both capital and current. It depends on the service life of the building and the frequency of repairs.
According to the previously prepared estimate, the following works are performed during the current repair:
- Fixing of joints of walls, repair of facades and balconies.
- Repair of the roof and drainage elements.
- Repair of foundations, partial restoration of their plaster, blind area.
- Repair or replacement of parts of pipelines and engineering systems, including heating, water supply and sewerage, electricity and ventilation.
- Partial replacement or repair of windows and doors.
- Repair of floors, replacement of coatings.
- In the course of interior finishing, plastering of walls and ceilings, puttying, tiling or other materials is done, wallpapering. The necessary painting works are carried out.
If a building or a building needsMinor improvements related to the appearance or interior of the premises, you can carry out cosmetic repairs. This type of repair involves a small amount of work on painting walls or floors, window frames and doors, pasting wallpaper. The essence of cosmetic repair is to improve the appearance of the building, to refresh the exterior decoration or interior decoration.
Elite and European style
In recent years, the sharp increase in the supply of newConstruction and finishing materials, new technologies in construction led to the emergence of a new type of repairs, the so-called eurorepair. The main difference between it and the current or major repairs is the use of modern building materials and technologies in its implementation, another difference of the renovation is the transition to European standards.
Renovation includes mandatory developmentDesign-project, drafting in the case of re-planning and obtaining permits. Purchase of high-quality materials and modern equipment. After this, the renovation is carried out in agreed volumes and strictly defined sequence.
Elite repairs require, in addition toThe newest materials and equipment of the highest level of qualification of all specialists, from the designer to the finisher, and considerable experience in arranging such work for the contractor.