Arrhythmia - disturbance of rhythmic activity of the heart, which is sometimes difficult to diagnose, because the symptoms are rare and pass quickly.
To detect this disease should consult a physician-arrhythmology which of several methods of diagnosis of the disease will select the most optimal.
You will need
- The dispensary card- test results krovi- ECG Heart ultrasound
Electrocardiography (ECG) is the mostsimple and common way to diagnose arrhythmias. In its analysis, one can observe the rhythm and frequency of the heart muscle, as well as figuring out how to apply an electrical pulse to the heart. Unfortunately the standard ECG determines arrhythmia is not attack since its recording is continued for a short period of time.
ECG monitoring with Holter apparatus -effective method to fix the arrhythmia. For this purpose, on the chest of the patient paste electrodes. Research is continuous ECG recording during the day and more with a special handheld device, which is fixed on the patient's belt. However, Holter recording may be different from the standard ECG readings surface, and therefore, does not replace it.
In the diagnosis of the arrhythmia is required to be appointed laboratory blood test that will show changes in the concentration of potassium or thyroid hormones that can cause arrhythmia.
Informative method of identifying an arrhythmia isEchocardiography - cardiac ultrasound, by which to evaluate its performance, size, shape, and valve chambers. Ultrasound makes it possible to detect areas with restricted blood flow, abnormal contraction of the heart muscle and traces of myocardial. For more reliable results to the patient sometimes recommend stress echocardiography, which is performed after the physical or pharmacological stress.
Electrophysiological study - effectivemethod for detecting arrhythmias. It consists in introduction of a thin wire into the vein in the groin, which moves up and writes atrial electrical impulses. In addition, through the signal conductor can be fed from the outside, thereby provoking arrhythmia. This often can not only diagnose and treat a disease.