Arrhythmia is a violation of the rhythmic activity of the heart, which can sometimes be difficult to diagnose, because the symptoms are rare and pass quickly.
To identify this pathology, a consultation of the arrhythmologist is needed, which from among several methods of diagnosis of the disease will choose the most optimal.
You will need
- Dispensary card-results of blood tests-ECG-ultrasound of the heart
Electrocardiography (ECG) is the mostSimple and common way to diagnose arrhythmia. When analyzing it, you can observe the rhythm and frequency of the heart muscle, as well as find out how the electrical impulse spreads through the heart. Unfortunately, the standard cardiogram does not determine the arrhythmia outside the attack, since its recording continues for a short period of time.
ECG monitoring using a Holter device -An effective method that allows to fix an attack of arrhythmia. For this purpose, electrodes are glued on the patient's chest. The study consists in the continuous recording of a cardiogram within a day or more with the help of a special portable device that is fixed on the patient's belt. However, the Holter record may not coincide with the readings of the surface standard ECG, and therefore does not replace it.
In the diagnosis of arrhythmia, a laboratory blood test is required, which will display changes in the concentration of potassium or thyroid hormones, which can lead to arrhythmia.
An informative method for detecting arrhythmia isEchocardiography - ultrasound examination of the heart, with which you can evaluate its work, the size, the shape of the chambers and valves. Ultrasound makes it possible to detect areas with limited blood flow, abnormal contraction of the heart muscle, and traces of the transferred heart attacks. To obtain a more reliable result, the patient is sometimes recommended stress echocardiography, which is performed after a physical or medicamental load.
Electrophysiological research - effectiveMethod of arrhythmia detection. It consists in the introduction of a thin conductor into the vein in the groin area, which advances to the atrium and records electrical impulses. In addition, through the conductor, you can give a signal from outside, thereby provoking arrhythmia. This often allows not only diagnose, but also cure the disease.