In December 1991, it collapsed the largest state of the planet - the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
In its place was formed of 15 sovereign states.
I still do not cease debate about what caused this event and what is more in the collapse of the USSR - the positive side or the negative?
What are the pros collapse of the USSR
The Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsIt was an artificial entity. Too different were the republics in its composition. These differences are dealt with literally everything: the level of development, the mentality of peoples, languages, religions. Such a state can be strong and united only in terms of an important unifying factor.
For example, during the Great Patriotic War, all citizens of the Soviet Union had to deal with a common external enemy - Nazi Germany.
In peacetime the same time to the Soviet Union in such a unifyingfactor was an ideological and geopolitical struggle with the Western bloc led by the United States. In the course of this struggle, the Soviet Union supported the so-called "people's democracies" around the world, spending a huge funds. In addition, more funds left to maintain balance with the arms of NATO. There was a very real threat of nuclear war. Therefore, the collapse of the Soviet Union and the abandonment of communist ideology led to the fact that the threat of a large-scale war involving weapons of mass destruction has decreased dramatically, and it is an undeniable plus.
The economy of the USSR was forced to "servepolicy ", and this has led to a shortage of consumer goods - food, clothes, shoes, household appliances. After the collapse of the USSR the term "trade deficit" disappeared pretty quickly.
Residents of the USSR were not free to travel around the world. Abroad trip required mass collection of documents, passing various commissions. After the collapse of the Soviet Union for millions of its former citizens to travel abroad to get acquainted with the sights are commonplace. To this we can only refer positive.
What minuses collapse of the Soviet Union
However, the collapse of the huge state and led to thenegative consequences. For many people the following years, firmly imprinted in memory as "crazy 90s". Here and a sharp drop in living standards, and unfair privatization, which led to a colossal stratification in incomes and rampant crime. In addition, in some areas of the former Soviet Union immediately sparked smoldering hotbeds of international conflicts.
For example, in Tajikistan it has raged for several years a real civil war.
In the Soviet Union, with all its shortcomings, the citizens had a high level of social protection. Now, however, it is not what causes many people discontent and anxiety.