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Paris - capital of France

Paris - the city of romance and love, paradisefor lovers of travel and to focus the whole of French culture. The French capital is known worldwide thanks to its attractions: the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre, the Champs-Elysees.

This city of more than two thousand years, during which time it changed, developed and improved, becoming one of the most beautiful settlements in the world.

History of Paris

In the III century BC on the territory ofmodern Paris Celtic tribe Parisii established a small settlement called Lutetia. the town center was the island of the Cité, which today is located in the center of the French capital. Later, the Romans conquered the city, built up his new villas, roads and aqueducts, and named it in honor of former residents who lived here. In the Middle Ages the city had to endure a lot of raids, in the IX century it was attacked by the Normans. During the Hundred Years' War with France, England, Paris was about sixteen years engaged the enemy troops.
In the XV century, the city lost its metropolitan significance, itTour title has passed. A century later, Paris became the capital again, this time forever. Now he was the center of religious wars - the Reformation era. In 1572, there occurred the famous St. Bartholomew, in which several thousand people died. In the days of Napoleon, the capital of France, has been rebuilt and maintained its plan to our time. Difficult times had to go through the city during the Second World War, when its streets and squares were placed German troops. In August 1944, the Nazi occupation has been removed. After the riots in Paris in 1968 did not happen and no major unpleasant events.

Location Paris

City began to be built off the island of Cité, whichIt is located on the Seine in northern France. River at 145 kilometers from the English Channel winds much over the plain, and on either side are the Parisian neighborhoods. Paris takes a large part of the historic region of Ile-de-France. Its area - more than a hundred square kilometers: this is a small figure for the capital, the whole city can be a couple of hours to walk from east to west.
On the Seine is a few islands toobuilt-up neighborhoods of Paris. The city is divided into two parts: the left and right divided by a river. The first concentrated cultural life: there are museums, historical sites, universities. On the right bank of the central business districts of the city.
One of the significant drawbacks of Paris asany major capital city - a bad environment. Despite the small area of ​​the city, it is very densely populated, which affects the air quality and the level of other types of pollution such as noise.

Modern Paris

In Paris, there are more than ten millionpeople, if you count the suburbs and neighboring villages. Today it is one of the most visited cities in the world: every year no less impressive number of tourists coming to the French capital, to admire the famous Eiffel Tower, the Louvre to see the collection, a walk along the Champs Elysees and enjoy views of the River Seine. Outside the city is no less famous attraction - the palace and park complex of Versailles.

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