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Outlets and switches: types, device connection

Outlets and switches: types, device connection

The main rule of childhood "do not climb into a power outlet" remember everything.

But why not do it, not every parent explained.

Now, knowing the particular sockets and switches installed, you can easily restrict the family from the dangers and meet their design preferences.

There are many devices that make it easy to create "a ray of light in the darkness."


Socket - plug connection element partwhich it is also a fork. To choose the right outlet, you need to know some of its characteristics and what it is made. Briefly, it is necessary to know the contact material and the magnitude of voltage and current for which they are intended. The higher these numbers, the more outlet "pull" of connected devices.

The base of the socket (usually ceramic) enoughfragile. And, of course, if the old-style socket, and the diameter of the holes in her 4 mm, the modern technology it is not necessary to hammer hammer. Protective body not only performs the function of protection from contact with the environment, but also to successfully fit into the decor of the room. Species There are several outlets.

Built-in socket has a ground contactswithout them. They are mounted in mounting boxes provided flush. In the same way mounted double sockets with switches and sockets, joined into one unit.

the most popular following types From modern evrorozetok.

Sockets with ejector fork. In a corner of the housing there is a button that will catapult the plug. When working exclude the possibility of pulling the device out of the box frame, chafing wires and so on.

Sockets with shutters, mainly will save children from harm. Shutters open only while the introduction of two metal pins plug.

Sockets for wet rooms. They may be lined with rubber or with a cover for protection against drops. Most often, low-power and have a degree of protection IP44.

Telephone and computer sockets are oneor two slots (rectangular) and different cable lug size. Mounted next to the devices, but can also be remote control (the system of "smart home").

To connect the device to any existing foreign socket, you need to purchase a variety of adapters for each standard size.

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The switch is a deviceopen and close the electrical circuit through changeover contact, is located in one of the modes. The switches are embedded and external. But other than that, their species there are so many, often created exclusively for design purposes.

Switches come in one-, two- and three-key. Each button is responsible for its management of the light source. Passing switch acts contrary: one light source can be controlled by several switches from different places. For example, a very convenient switch on the light at the entrance to the room and turn off the bedside.

Switches often make backlit for ease of searching in the dark.

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Very comfortable dimmers - dimmers, whichwhen you press the button or turn the knob is immersed in the twilight room or pour "daylight" light. However, there are also drawbacks: interference, high cost, incompatibility with energy-saving lamps.

And, of course, with timer switches, photocell or motion sensor, each of which will provide energy savings. However, they are not well suited for use in homes.

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