Among the many amateur sports Scandinavian walking is distinguished by its originality. The essence of such a walk consists of hiking with the use of special sticks, resembling a kind of ski.
This relatively new sport has quickly become popular and is widely distributed among those who seek to lead a healthy lifestyle.
Scandinavian walking in European culture
Scandinavian walking, which is calledNordic or Finnish walking, as an independent kind of amateur sports officially emerged a decade and a half ago. The idea to combine pedestrian crossings with the support of sticks came to the mind of Finnish skiers, who used to move traditional ski equipment.
It turned out that summer training, imitating walking on skis, significantly increase the results of athletes during the winter competitions.
The initiative of professional athletes quicklyLovers of wellness walking. Scandinavian or Nordic walking quickly spread across Scandinavia and the countries of Europe. Especially popular this applied sport won in Germany, where there were special tracks for such a walk.
Today the name "Scandinavian walking"Patented, developed universal benefits for this type of movement. Improvement of ski poles, which are now convenient to hold in the hand, the creation of special simulators and other inventions gave a new impetus to the development of walking with sticks. Everywhere are organized sections and clubs of fans of this sport.
The benefits of Scandinavian walking
Studies of German scientists have revealed a highWellness potential of Scandinavian walking. When traveling with the support of sticks, the muscles of the hands, shoulder girdle and upper back are perfectly trained, whereas during normal walking or running, these muscle groups are almost not involved. Relying on sticks, the athlete reduces the burden on the legs, hip and knee joints. This allows you to recommend Nordic walking to those who suffer from diseases of the joints and the musculoskeletal system.
When walking with sticks, almost all are involvedThe main muscle groups, which allows you to burn no less calories than, for example, when doing boxing or doing exercises on the simulators. That's why Scandinavian walking is recommended for those who have a tendency to fullness and want to quickly lose weight.
Regular training develops coordinationMovements and a sense of balance, and also significantly improve posture. Unlike skiing in the snow, here you do not have to fall often. Scandinavian walking adds comfort to walking, even if you climb a mountain. Such walking is universal and suitable for people of all ages and levels of preparedness.
Contraindications to this type of physical activity can serve only acute infectious diseases or exacerbation of chronic ailments.
Scandinavian walking technique
Scandinavian walking has its own rules andtechnique. From the side it is very similar to traditional walking. Hands, legs and body move synchronously and freely. During movement it is recommended to put a foot on the heel, and then transfer the weight of the body to the toe. Movements should be smooth, should not be pulled by limbs and jerk sticks.
Before the start of movement, one of the arms is slightly bentIn the elbow and a little stretch forward. The stick must be at a certain angle to the ground. Bent at the elbow, the second hand should be kept at the level of the hip joint, directing the stick back. If you conduct classes in a group, observe the precautionary measures and maintain the distance, so as not to injure other athletes with a pointed stick.
It is important to choose the right pace of walking. Moving with sticks should be more intense than usual walking. The width of the step will be determined by the amplitude of the movements. Ensure that the load on the locomotor system and the upper spine are not excessive. Once you understand that you have begun to suffocate, make a stop and rest. After a pause, the movement can continue, lowering the tempo.
Different variants of the technique of steps are possible. It is desirable to alternate fast and slow walking, small and wide step. Encourage the body to work in a pulsed mode, alternating with different intensity of the load. When walking, try to put your foot on the ground firmly, but do not prylepyvat. The technique of walking is largely determined by the extent to which sticks are correctly selected for growth. If they are too long, they may need to be shortened. Properly selected inventory and equipment will make your hiking trip not only useful, but also comfortable.