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Nikita Botanical Garden

Nikita Botanical Garden

Garden is located seven kilometers from Yalta, near the village of Nikita.

It is from the name of the village was the name of the botanical garden.



Nikita Botanical Garden - a wonderful areaCrimea. Botanical Garden - is not only a huge collection of plants from around the world, but also one of the oldest research institutions. The most luxurious period garden - from March to May, when it blooms most of the plants, however, some species are in subtropical zone near the sea, bloom here even in winter, thanks to the warm climate.
The first botanical gardens in the area of ​​Alupka and ForosI am trying to lay the Prince Potemkin - the largest landowner Russia since Catherine the Great. For the garden was purchased batch of plants and seeds from Constantinople, Smyrna and the Princes' Islands. But the gardens are private, passed from one owner to another and by the beginning of the XIX century almost lost its meaning. In 1812, in February, the Emperor Alexander I issued a decree on the establishment of official government economic garden near the village of Nikita in the Crimea. "Tauride" garden was called the king's decree. The same decree appointed director Christian Steven garden.


Garden smoothly down to the sea, forming severalparks: Upper, Lower, Seaside park at Cape Montedor. The upper park is divided into a flat surface, and is a place to rest: there is a swimming pool and a summer theater. You can admire the rose garden next to the fountain, wrought iron arches. Grow veerolistnye Chinese palm trees, the Italian pine, cedar of Lebanon. Stony gardens - rockeries, an impressive collection of alpine herbaceous and woody plants. A diverse collection of beautiful chrysanthemums will not leave anyone indifferent, even the professional grower. Lower Park is a rocky slope, which is connected by winding staircases. It is in these places planted valuable and rare ornamental trees: cork oak, magnolia grandiflora, Japanese banana, Chinese ginkgo.
Of particular interest is olive grove. Along the alleys of the abundance of flowering shrubs: oleander, bougainvillea, Judas-tree. The park has many beautiful aquatic devices: there is a cascade pool, on both sides which is framed by ladders and round pool with a fountain, decorated with lilies. In the park there are natural water sources: streams, small waterfalls. Seaside Park is located on the territory adjacent to the sea. It grow plants from the tropics, loving the warmth and moisture. Montedor Park was created last. Located at Cape Montedor. Mainly dominated by heat-loving plants from the tropics: Mexican cypress, pine Pitsundskaya, mammoth tree, gutta-percha tree.


Now the collection of the Nikita Botanical GardensIt has more than 28 000 species, hybrids and cultivars. The special value - the trees and shrubs of the Mediterranean, North and South America, Asia, South Africa, New Zealand, Australia and other subtropical regions of the Earth. The famous collection of roses Nikitsky garden has about 2,000 varieties of domestic and foreign selection. Not less than the roses, chrysanthemums known autumn collection.

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