Originally, this plant from the tropical zones of the planet. It shrubs, bushes, trees sometimes.
Nightshade - a very beautiful plant, as it has at the same time the flowers, ovaries and green colored fruits.
When cold outside, your home has a small piece of bright summer.
Temperature. In spring and summer, the optimum temperature for nightshade from 18C to 25C. But with the onset of autumn and winter plants need cooler temperatures from 12C to 15C, it is thanks to the support of a nightshade temperature will bear fruit throughout the winter. At high temperatures in this period, the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off and fade berries.
Lighting. Nightshade prefer bright diffused light, without direct sunlight. During summer, the plant can be taken out into the street, protecting it from direct sunlight, drafts and rain. In winter, the nightshade requires additional lighting. With a lack of light leaves fall and the plant badly blossoms and bears fruit.
Watering. In the spring and summer nightshade evaporate a lot of moisture, therefore, needs abundant watering, but it is important to dry between waterings topsoil. With the onset of autumn reduce the number of irrigations. For irrigation use to defend well water at room temperature.
Air humidity. Nightshade prefers high humidity around 65-70%. If the room is dry air, you can never see the blossoms and fruits your plant. To support the recommended moisture regular spraying. It is best to moisten the nightshade put in a pan with a damp moss or sand. The only way to the bottom of the pot does not stand in the water.
Transfer. Transplanted nightshade spring after the annual pruning. Plants up to 5 years of life are transplanted each year, and adult plant every 2-3 years. It is also important to note that the 2 one-year plant is transplanted into a 2-liter pot, and 5 one-year - a 5-liter and 7-one-year - a 7-liter. It is also important that the pot was with good drainage. For the soil is good to use a soil mixture: 2 parts turf ground + 2 parts peat + 2 parts humus 1 part sand.
Udobrenie.Tak like nightshade fruits all year round, it needs regular dressing. It is best to use a liquid fertilizer for indoor flowering plants. Fertilize every two weeks.
Reproduction. Nightshade is well propagated by seeds that are sown throughout the year. Seeds are planted on the surface of the earth sifted leaf and sprinkle on top of a small amount of sand. Cover the glass and regularly aired and sprayed plant. The first shoots begin to appear within 2 weeks, and after the appearance of 3-4 leaves young nightshade can be transplanted into a 0.5 liter pot with a ground mixture of 1 part of turf land + 2 parts humus 1 part sand. After transplanting the plant should be prischipnut, and in summer a young plant is necessary to cut several times to stimulate and vetveny.
Also nightshade can be propagated by cuttings.Cuttings root well in the wet sand, and after rooting the young nightshade can be transplanted into a 0.5 liter pot with a ground mixture of 1 part of turf land + 2 parts humus 1 part sand. After transplanting the plant prischipnut, and in summer a young plant also need to cut a few times to stimulate and vetveny.