From the work of the great English poet and playwright William Shakespeare, 36 plays, 2 poems and a "wreath" of sonnets have survived to this day.
The popularity of all these works is difficultBut some plays are often staged on the stage, they are based on screenplays and films, and re-interpreted in other works of art.
"Hamlet" is the longest play of Shakespeare and the mostA famous tragedy from all that is ever written in the world. The story of the "Prince of Denmark" inspired such great poets and writers as Goethe and Dickens, Chekhov and Joyce, Stoppard and Murdoch. The translation of "Hamlet" into Russian only worked such poets as Sumarokov, Gnedich, Pasternak. Many of the greatest actors dreamed of playing a major role in this play, some succeeded and they forever added their names to this "golden" page of world drama. In Russia, the most famous actors who played Hamlet on stage are the great pre-revolutionary coryphaees - Pavel Mochalov and Vasiliy Kachalov, the star of the pre-war Moscow Art Theater Mikhail Chekhov, as well as no less beloved and eminent - Mikhail Kozakov, Vladimir Vysotsky, Innokenty Smoktunovsky, Oleg Yankovsky.
According to the creators of the Disney cartoon film "The Lion King", their work is also a rethinking of "Hamlet".
"Romeo and Juliet"
The tragic story of the two lovers is second, onFrequency of productions and adaptations, Shakespeare's play. The names of the main characters have become a cultural archetype, their history can be found in a thousand books, plays, movies and musicals. This is Shakespeare's most screened play, moreover, it is believed that it is her filmmakers who "tell" only a little less often than the fairy tale about Cinderella.
The tragedy "Romeo and Juliet" formed the basisProkofiev's ballet, Gounod's opera, Tchaikovsky's overture and the famous musical "West Side Story", music to which American composer Leonard Bernstein wrote.
"Macbeth" is only slightly inferior to fameTwo previous tragedies. The story of the terrible betrayal, bloody ambitions, vile murder, the history of which the real "Shakespearean passions" reigns gave the world the most famous Shakespearean villain - Lady Macbeth. In the theater with this play, most of all superstitions are connected, up to the fact that the actors try not to pronounce its name and say that today they are playing in the "Scottish play".
The history of the jealous Moor does not lose itsRelevance for more than 400 years. After all, it touches on such eternal topics as jealousy, betrayal, jealousy, betrayal. It is believed that Shakespeare was the first who spoke of a problem like racism.
The play "Richard III" refers to historicalChronicles created by a great poet. There are seven in all, and they all relate to English history. The chronicles do not include "Roman" works on stories from ancient history - "Julius Caesar" and "Anthony and Cleopatra", as well as the already mentioned "Macbeth". "Richard III" is Shakespeare's second longest play, it is rarely played without abbreviations. This work is an example of how a great poet, being deluded, is capable of changing history. Deceived by the work of Thomas More, an ardent supporter of the Tudors, Shakespeare created a bright and great image of a man of a talented but infinitely mean, spiteful and unscrupulous, unspoken deed, while the real Richard York, according to a variety of scientific studies, was the complete opposite - courageous , A conscientious, talented administrator, which England so desperately needed at that time.
"A dream in a summer night"
Easy romantic comedy with threeIntersecting storylines - young lovers Lizandra and Hermia, the lord of the fairies and elves of Oberon and his wife Titania and four Athenian artisans preparing an amateur performance for the upcoming wedding of the ruler of Athens, Thesa and Hippolyta, the queen of the Amazons - one of seventeen Shakespearean works of this genre. It is believed that it is her, from all the "light" plays of the great playwright, most often seen on the stage. However, the most often quoted phrase of the genius poet is a line from another comedy, "How you like it" - "The whole world is theater - there are women, men - all actors."