Making a track in a private home isA separate topic. After all, few people want to get to their house or country house on a muddy and dusty road, as a result of which all this dirt will be recorded in the house.
However, it's just that this task is not fulfilled, because it is necessary to choose the right fabric and carefully think over what material for the design of tracks you will use.
Experts argue that even a small path,Leading from the gate to the house, it is necessary to equip with the mind, and not rely on "and so will come down." It is necessary to take into account and to calculate a huge number of nuances and details - from the quality and density of the coating to the way it is laid and the period of operation.
Variants of road surfaces
One of the standard options, which is enoughIt is also used in private construction - it is laying roads with asphalt concrete. It is strong enough and well suited to Russian climatic conditions. However, many experts say that such material is not particularly suitable for small paths, as it will quickly collapse. After all, to cover the road with asphalt, it is necessary to carry out a whole complex of works on leveling the soil, and on pouring, and many others, so that the roadbed serves for a long time.
It should also take into account the fact that put asphaltWithout special handlers, which are quite massive and do not always fit well into the narrow boundaries of the infield, it is impossible. And this additionally complicates the task.
The standard version that is usedMost private homeowners - is the laying of paths with paving slabs. Such material is quite reliable and at the same time it has its own aesthetics. The tracks become more attractive and original. However, even here there are some nuances, because if you lay out the tile incorrectly, it starts to move apart, spoiling the whole appearance of the path. A variation of this calculation is the paving stone. It is much smaller than tiles in size. At the same time, on the whole, it creates a very interesting appearance of both the track itself and the site as a whole.
Another rather popular option -Laying tracks stone. It can be small enough specimens, and maybe even boulders. It all depends on the general landscape. In this situation, the combination of stones and the type of house is especially important. So, for example, if you have a small palace, an excellent solution will be the stones of medium size, rounded and colorful. If you are attracted to Scandinavian architecture, it is advisable to use larger stones to create an ideal landscape.
Those who do not particularly like to bother withInventing and implementing various design projects, for the design of paths in the old manner use either wood or broken brick. Such paths and paths are fairly unpretentious and easy to care for. However, they often need to be renewed, as the brick has a habit of crumbling, and the tree is cracked or swollen from high humidity.
An excellent version of the design of the track - bulk. It is made of sand-gravel mixture, which can be both gray, light beige, and burgundy. According to the reviews using this method and the experts who joined them, this coating is quite resistant, while convenient and beautiful.
But for the area where rains often go, such a coating is not the most successful option, because all the sand and gravel will go under the muddy roads. And the path will have to be poured very, very often.
Today,Geotextile. It allows you to make the path more well-groomed and beautiful. In addition, that material reliably protects the upper layers of the soil, on which it is laid from destruction. Also, it prevents the appearance of puddles after the rain and is an excellent screen for weeds.
Functional zones for laying tracks
Spread tracks and paths necessarily needCompetently, and for this you need to very clearly understand in which zone of the site or garden you are working. So, for example, the playground, which is usually located near the main entrance to the building, is decorated beautifully and intricately. For this, expensive materials, unusual ideas, a combination of different kinds of coatings can be used. But the tracks that lead to this main site should be somewhat simpler. The main rule is that they must be firm and rigid. But whether expensive or not depends on your wallet. But if you can not afford a cover that costs all your monthly wages, you should not despair. After all, if you have the taste and savvy to create an original and stylish track, even with a small budget is not so difficult.
If you have a garden, it is desirable to lay out a soft dirt path - it will become a logical and pleasant addition to this area.
The only thing that should always be considered is that the paths must necessarily harmonize with the style of the whole garden as a whole, as well as with the design and exterior of the houses on the site.
Experts say that you can and experiment. The highest aerobatics is the ability to combine different types of coatings. So, for example, a fairly popular combination is a concrete base and a side decoration with a tree. A separate place in the creation of original road surfaces is mosaic. True, this is not always practical, and laborious, but very, very beautiful.
Do not get involved. It is believed that the optimal number of combined coatings in the area from 6 to 25 hectare - 3.
Preparing the track for laying the cover
When you decide on the choice of material,It is necessary to work with the path itself, carefully prepare it for laying the coating. First, make the necessary calculations. So, for example, do not forget that the groundwater gradually erodes the ground, and in spring the soil necessarily shrinks. And this means that if everything is wrong to calculate, your track will simply go in waves and crack or break. And this means that the top point of the track should be placed 5-7 cm above the ground level of the ground.
In addition, be sure to take careTo protect against atmospheric precipitation. To do this, you will need to make the slope of the cover, which should be approximately 2-4%. And do not forget about the drainage of the soil. For him it is best to use elements of storm sewage, which can be purchased in specialized stores.
Now you can go directly toBuilding a track. First, mark everything up. It is best to do this with construction twine, as well as small pegs made of wood and roulette. As a rule, they begin to mark the paths from the residential house, moving to the recreation area and to the garden (if such, of course, there is). Once you have everything in place, walk along the paths and appreciate their convenience. If it seems to you that they are too narrow or wide, and also curved or not sufficiently curved, correct the shortcomings.
Then followed excavations. Remove several layers of ground - so you will prepare the base. Calculate the level of the land to be removed so that after the end of the work, the track does not turn out to be a level much lower than the main plot.
Next, take care of laying the substrate. It is best to use a filler for this, which is usually sand, gravel or waterproofing film. In some situations, a concrete base may be required.
Well, finally, you can go to the stowageThe technology of this action directly depends on the material that you are going to use. As a rule, detailed instructions for laying are printed on the packaging.