Today, summer cottages are used not only as aGardens with established on them unpretentious summer houses without any conveniences, they become places of rest, where the townspeople can relax on weekends.
For a good rest you need a certain set of amenities, so the water supply of the dacha is one of the primary tasks.
Selection of the source of water supply
As a rule, centralized water supply forThere are no summer cottages, and your first task will be to choose a source, from where water will flow to the site and into the building located on it. If you are talking about the fact that in the summer residence you are only in the summer and from time to time, you can bring water from a stream, a river or a pond, which are nearby. But when a large residential house is built on the site, which you want to visit in winter, it is better to use a well or a well for this.
The construction of a well will cost less than drillingWells, but in the summer it can dry up, and the quality of water can be affected by runoffs located nearby, as well as thawed and groundwater. The artesian well will provide you with quality water throughout the year. In the event that the demand for water in your family is high and the area of plantations that require watering is considerable, it makes sense to drill a well in the area.
Water supply from the well
If the well on your site does not dry up andThe water in it is quite good quality, it can be used for the installation of both summer and winter water supply in the country. In this case, both pumping stations and surface or submersible pumps can be used as the feeding system. Pumping station - an automatic system consisting of a surface pump, a pressure switch and a large capacity water tank. The shortcomings of such systems include noisy work and water level requirements in the well - it should not fall below 7-8 meters from the bottom of the well.
To feed water from the well, you can useOnly submersible or surface pump. Surface pumps are installed at the mouth of the wells, water enters it through a special pipe equipped with a bottom valve. They are convenient to maintain, because they are located on the surface, but the power of such pumps is small and they are installed if the demand for water is small and the well is located next to the house. Powerful and almost silent submersible pumps are able to pump water from the bottom of the well even with a small amount of mechanical impurities, they also have high productivity.
If you install a water supply system,It makes sense to immediately install both a sewage system and a heating system, connect a water heater that will provide the house with hot water. With this in mind, make the calculations necessary for the operation of these systems, the amount of water and the capacity of the pump.
Hydro accumulator - water tank with a water level sensor will extend the life of the water supply system.
Water supply from the well
In this case, the water supply system will beConsist of the following components: deep pump, pipeline, filters, stop valves. Mechanical and chemical filters are installed to purify water from impurities of sand and clay, as well as iron and calcium, and other trace elements. The type of filter you determine by doing a chemical analysis of the water.
Having chosen the source of water supply, it is necessaryDetermine whether you will use the water pipe only in summer or all year round. In the event that the system will work in the winter, the pipeline from the source of water supply should be laid 20-30 cm lower than the depth of freezing of soil in your area. If you do not want to dig so deep, you should consider the pipe insulation system. In this case, they must be laid in a trench, which is then covered with expanded clay, slag or foam plastic. Pipes can be wrapped with a special heat insulation material, lay a heating cable next to them. But in the latter case, the cost of the system will increase, and the danger of freezing, in the event of a power outage, will still exist. When installing the pipe, it is necessary to lay it under a slight inclination towards the water intake point.
Water supply by hand
Having on hand the topographic scheme of the site orHaving made the necessary measurements yourself, draw up a project of external and internal water supply, calculate the number of necessary materials. You will need to purchase:
- metal-plastic pipes with an external diameter of 20 or 32 mm for internal and external water supply-
- pump station or pump (pump will require a non-return valve) -
- holders for pipes, corners, couplings, adapters, etc.-
- ball valve and sanitary equipment, which will be installed in the house.
In addition, you will need: measuring tape, hacksaw for trimming pipes, tools for digging trenches, wooden boards for formwork, concrete, mesh-netting, fine gravel.
Determine where the pumping station will be installedStation - for it you can choose a basement or a specially built extension to the house, but, as a last resort, it can be placed in the bathroom. Dig a trench, lay a 32 mm diameter pipe in it. The lower end of it bend and wind in the well or in the well, the upper enter inside the house through the opening left in the foundation. The part of the pipe that remained on the surface near the entrance to the house must also be insulated.
The pump station must be installed on a hard surface, preferably on a concrete base. Before starting, install the pump station.
If you do not use a pumping station,Install an automatic system that will start the pump as soon as the faucets in the house open. Carry out internal wiring of 20 mm diameter pipes to consumers - sinks, washbasins, toilet bowl, shower.