Pets, including cats,Become for people close and loved beings, almost family members. The owners really want to protect their pets from various dangers, including - from disease.
One of the diseases that cats are prone to -Toxoplasmosis. The causative agent is the intracellular parasite - toxoplasm, a representative of the kingdom of protozoa. This disease threatens not only cats, but also dogs, rodents, rabbits. A man is subject to it. Especially dangerous toxoplasmosis for pregnant women, it leads to malformations and even death of the fetus, and this is another reason to attend to the protection of a pet from this disease.
Symptoms of toxoplasmosis in cats
In a number of cases, the disease in a cat occurs inHidden form, i. Does not appear at all, but the causative agent is already excreted into the environment with feces. If there is a chance that the cat could become infected with toxoplasmosis, you should contact the veterinary clinic to do the appropriate analysis.
The acute form is manifested by vomiting, convulsions, high fever, inadequate cardiac activity. Sometimes there is eye damage in the form of conjunctivitis.
If the acute form of toxoplasmosis did not lead toDeath of a cat, the disease can go into a chronic form. It is characterized by a slight increase in temperature, exhaustion, depressed state, loss of appetite, paralysis of the extremities. If the cat becomes pregnant, the kittens are born either dead or unviable, with various congenital deformities.
To treat toxoplasmosis is very difficult, becauseIntracellular parasites are almost inaccessible to drugs. The maximum that can be done with medications is to remove symptoms, stop multiplying parasites and isolating them into the environment. The cat at the same time will feel good, will cease to be a source of infection, but in case of a decrease in immunity the disease may manifest again. Toxoplasmosis is easier to prevent than cure.
Prophylaxis of toxoplasmosis
Unfortunately, there is no vaccination against toxoplasmosis. Prevent infection of the cat with this disease can and should be done in other ways.
One way of infection is eating rodents orEven contact with them. You can not let a cat catch mice. It is better not to release it to the street without supervision, if the sanitary condition of city streets and cellars leaves much to be desired. If the cat still allows you to walk, you need to wear a collar with a bell on it, the sound of which will scare off the mice. However, such measures will not protect the cat from contact with stray animals, which can also be infected with toxoplasmosis.
Cysts toxoplasma can be contained in meat, so feed the cat raw meat can not, it must be cooked.
If the cat still infected with toxoplasmosis,It is necessary to urgently address to the veterinarian and precisely adhere to his instructions. Treatment is lengthy, and it can not be stopped before the appointed time, even if the animal's condition has improved. At the time of treatment, it is necessary to isolate the cat from other pets, if they are in the house, not to let the children play with it.
The cat must be cleaned immediately,To. Toxoplasma cysts become dangerous after ripening in air. Tray and cat's bowl should be washed daily, and after that, wash hands thoroughly with soap.
If there is a pregnant woman in the house, a catIt is better to give someone who can take care of it for the duration of the treatment. If this is not possible, you need to completely remove the pregnant woman from caring for the cat.