To properly make a bath, you need to consider various factors.
This device is a bath: Accommodation on the plot, integration of main and auxiliary premises, design solutions in the design. This interior: equipment and accessories, decoration materials.
Also it is necessary to pay attention to the peculiarities of the choice of the stove-heater, their types and filling.
Bath has long been not used exclusively as aRoom for washing. Hygienic procedures have receded into the background, giving way to preventive treatment. Getting rid of excess weight, training of the cardiovascular system, prevention of colds, unloading of the nervous system is far from a complete list of beneficial effects on the human body, provided by bath heat. The bath is affected by steam and high air temperature inside the room
The air temperature in the Russian bath is in the range from 55 to 70оС- the relative humidity value is from 40 to 65%.
. These characteristics are provided by constructive solutions when designing baths.
The device of a bath
Planning to build a bath on the plot,First of all, you need to make the right choice of location. The best location is on the shore of a lake or river. Water from a natural reservoir due to its softness is ideal for bathing procedures.
It is believed that the windows of the bath should go to the west. This is due to the fact that earlier, when there was no electricity in the houses, the bath in the evening was illuminated by the rays of the setting sun.
Classical bath consists of two mainPremises - soap and steam rooms - and two auxiliary - a dressing room and a tambour. Tambour shares the main rooms and a dressing room, which is used for rest and changing clothes.
In order for the bath device to beFunctional, it is necessary to pay special attention to heat and vapor insulation of floors, floors and exterior walls. As thermal insulation materials used expanded clay gravel, bitumen felt, mineral wool or wood chips, moistened with cement mortar. Steam insulation is provided with a layer of ruberoid on bitumen mastic, polyethylene film.
So that the water does not gather on the floor of the bath, itsPerform with a slope toward the drainage hole, diverting water into the drain. To comply with sanitary and hygienic standards, it is best to coat the floor with ceramic tiles, and put a wooden grate on top.
Interior of the bath and interior decoration
The main room of the sauna is steam room. Here in the corner at the door there is a stove-heater with a water-heating device and a container with cold water, which is needed for sprinkling hot stones to form an additional steam.
In the soap you can put a bucket-waterfall or a barrel-font. Both that and other equipment use for bathing after the steam room and perfectly integrates into the interior of the bath.
One of the most important elements of the bathEquipment - it's shelves. They represent a series of steps. The upper one is the widest of them. On it you can both sit and lie. A wooden staircase leads to this shelf. The minimum distance between the top shelf and the ceiling is 105 cm for ease of soaring. To maximize the heat, the upper shelf is placed at the level of the steam oven door. Make shelves from boards. They do not paint anything and do not permeate, but only regularly washed and cleaned. It is important that the wood is not tarry and knotty.
The inner walls of the steam room are lined with liningThickness of 16 mm. The choice of wood is quite wide, but, with all the diversity, preference should be given to coniferous species. They have a number of advantages over deciduous. The resinous substances of coniferous wood improve its moisture resistance, and, thanks to antiseptic properties, serve as a protection against harmful microorganisms. Essential oils have many healing properties and radiate a pleasant aroma.
To reduce heat loss, the threshold of the steam room is made from 100 to 150 mm in height, and the door to the steam room is from 1.6 to 1.8 m. The door handle on the steam room side is made of wood.
Choosing a stove-heater
Depending on the type of basic material from which the kilns are made, they are divided into brick and metal. Brick stoves are discontinuous ovens
A continuous oven can not be heated if people bathe in a bath.
. Metal furnaces refer to continuous furnaces
A continuous furnace can be heated at a time when people wash in a bath.
. They heat faster and with equal dimensions have a greater heat transfer than brick furnaces.
By type of fuel distinguish wood, electric and gas stoves-stoves. Electric furnaces, unlike the other two types, do not require a chimney and heat the room as quickly as possible.
Also distinguish the furnace with a closed and openHeater. Openly laid stones under the furnace give out heat faster, but they do not keep it warm. Open-type furnaces must be heated continuously during the stay in the steam room. Furnaces with a closed stove collect heat much better. Their negative side are large dimensions and, as a result, a longer heating time.
To obtain a sufficient amount of steam in the boiler, pour water at a rate of 5-7 liters per one soaring.
The heat transfer of the furnace depends largely on the correctMatched stones. The main requirement is good heat accumulation with subsequent heat transfer, resistance to high temperatures. Hot stones should not crack from water. This is facilitated by greater density and uniformity. Stones must be selected in different sizes (the largest stack down). The best are the rocks of volcanic rocks. The most popular are peridotite, gabbro-diabase, basalt.