Expensive semolina porridge in the Russian EmpireWas considered a "lordly delicacy." And in Soviet Russia it gradually turned into the nightmare of all young children. Slippery, sticky, with lumps and foam ... The princess turned into Cinderella. Why did it happen? And how to cook semolina porridge so that it evokes delight in children and adults?
Monkey - coarse flour of hard varietiesWheat. It is brewed for minutes, well digested, contains a minimum amount of fiber (0.2%), is rich in vegetable protein and starch. This is the only porridge that is digested in the lower part of the intestine and is only absorbed into its walls. That is why it is included in diets prescribed for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In general, not cereal, but some kind of holiday of health (unless diabetics are categorically contraindicated, and children under one year of age are not recommended).
Extraordinary ease of preparation, multiplied byOn cheapness and health benefits, made semolina unprecedentedly popular. And this deceptive simplicity led to the fact that they cooked it as necessary, "by eye". And it turned out ... tasteless.
How to cook classic semolina porridge on milk without lumps
In fact, the cooking rules for semolina porridge are simple. Cook the mango in milk. And very strictly observe the proportions (per liter of milk - one and a half cups of cereals).
Milk bring to a boil and, constantlyStirring, pour the semolina with a trickle. In this case, the trickle should not be "the thinner, the better", as many believe. The fact is that on the surface of boiling milk foam forms, and the lightest grains of mango can not cope with this obstacle. That's why there are lumps in the porridge. Therefore, the secret of cooking semolina porridge without lumps is to pour the rump more boldly.
Mannoj porridge it is necessary to cook, constantly stirring, one-two minutes. After that - turn off the fire, close the pan with a lid and allow the porridge to infuse for 10-15 minutes. During this time, she "will reach the condition."
Now the dish can be savored with butter, add pieces of fruit or berries, jam, pre-soaked raisins ... And try real manna porridge!
How to turn manna porridge into a dessert: the easiest way
Manna porridge is especially good in that it is perfectly combined with a variety of products, coming off both for the main course and for the delicious dessert.
The easiest way to make a dessert from a manga is to pour more warm semolina porridge cooked on milk with a portioned silicone mold, then cool and put the "mini pudding" on a plate.
You can serve this porridge with whipped cream,Chocolate or berry sauce, condensed milk, jam ... The scope for creativity here is practically unlimited. You can "improve" and the porridge itself, adding to it before cooling vanilla or cinnamon, pieces of marmalade or fruit.
In this form, "boring mango" is eaten even by the mostFastidious children. It is especially good in the summer heat, when there is absolutely no need to have a hot porridge. But a serving of such a treat is quite suitable for a full breakfast.
But, of course, there are other recipes for semolina.
Recipe Guryev porridge
The most famous variety of semolina porridge -Which, according to legend, was invented by Count Guryev, Minister of Finance of the Russian Empire, a pretty sweet tooth. Rather, it can be called a mannish cake. The Guryev porridge was very much loved by Emperor Alexander III, she even figured in the menu of a gala dinner in honor of his coronation. This is a very laborious, but at the same time very tasty dish.
In order to prepare the imperial porridge, you will need:
- 1.25 liter. Milk or cream,
- 0.5 cups of manga,
- 0,5 kg of walnuts or pine nuts,
- 0.5 cups of sugar,
- 0.5 cups of jam-free jam,
- 2 tbsp. Tablespoons of butter,
- Cardamom (or ground lemon zest, or cinnamon).
Peeled nuts pour boiling water for a few minutes, then pour into a colander, peel off thin skin, dry and grind.
Pour the milk or cream into a flat and wideRefractory dishes and put in a heated oven. After a while on the surface will begin to form dense, strong milk froth. When the foam gets blanch - you have to remove it from the milk and put it in a separate bowl, then return the milk back to the oven. In total it is necessary to collect from milk from 8 to 12 pens.
On the remaining milk, cook semolina porridge and pour sugar, spices, ground nuts into it. Add butter and mix well.
In refractory ware with high edges pourA thin layer of semolina porridge (its thickness should be from five millimeters to a centimeter), gently cover it with foam. You can sprinkle foam with nuts, fruits, candied fruits, etc. Then it is necessary to pour the second layer, to re-coat with foam and so on. In the penultimate layer add a little jam.
The resulting "puff" should be placed for 10 minutes in a heated oven. After that, take out the porridge, pour the remaining jam or decorate with fruits, sprinkle with nuts and serve on the table in the same bowl.
Two-layer mannik: a simple dessert of semolina
Of course, there are also simpler recipes for delicacies based on semolina porridge. To prepare a two-layer mannik you will need:
- 200 g of semolina,
- 1.25 cups of milk,
- 1.25 cups of berry juice (you can use cranberry, currant, blueberry),
- Sugar to taste.
Cook two servings of thick and sweet semolina porridge: one on milk, the other on berry juice.
On the dish, pour a layer of milk porridge, on top - a layer of berry and let it freeze. Cold mannik cut into pieces and serve with jam or whipped cream.
Instead of the berry layer, you can make chocolate - for this, cook the mango on milk with the addition of cocoa powder.
Manka without milk: berry mousse
To prepare this dessert, take:
- 200 g of cranberries or blueberries,
- 200 g of sugar,
- 4 tablespoons Semolina.
Berries mash, add a half cup of boiling water and let it brew for 10-15 minutes. Strain, squeeze the berry through the cheesecloth. Remove the juice in the refrigerator.
The remaining berry "cake" should be filled with water (0.5 liters), bring to a boil, boil for 5-10 minutes and strain. In the resulting broth add sugar, bring to a boil, pour semolina. Cook for 1-2 minutes, let it brew.
After that, the ready porridge should be cooled, pour in it cranberry juice (it was not subjected to heat treatment and retained all the vitamins) and beaten with a mixer until a volume increase of one and a half to two times.
Ready mousse place on kremankam and put in the refrigerator for 3-4 hours.
Recipe for semolina porridge on the water: "fried"
Classical semolina porridge is cooked on milk. But semolina can be cooked and on water, boiling unsweetened porridge, the taste of which will be quite unlike "baby food".
For cooking mango porridge on the water, take:
- 1 cup of mango,
- 50 grams of butter,
- Vegetable oil, salt to taste.
Onion peel, cut and fry in vegetable oil until golden brown.
Rice cucumber in a dry frying pan until light brown.
Pour the prepared cereal into boiling salted water and cook, stirring intensely, for 2-3 minutes. Let it brew under the lid, then season with fried onions.