Leukemia, or leukemia - is a malignant lesion of the organs of hematopoiesis.
In the blood there is an uncontrolled accumulation of white and immature cells - leukocytes. There are many reasons for the development of leukemia.
These include radiation damage, infections and viruses, a hereditary factor, and some medications.
Symptoms of leukemia
- Weakness and rapid fatigue-
- The tendency to permanent colds-
- Pallor of the skin-
- Often, acute leukemia can be accompanied by a high temperature-
- There is an increase in the spleen, liver and lymph nodes-
- After a while, hemorrhagic diathesis and cachexia join.
Diagnosis of leukemia
The diagnosis of leukemia is exposed after a series of analyzes and studies. These include:
- Medical examination-
- The study of bone marrow-
- Blood test-
- Cytogenetic study-
- In some cases, the study can take a cerebrospinal fluid.
Forms of leukemia
There are 2 main forms of leukemia: acute myeloblastic and acute lymphoblastic.
Treatment of leukemia
When diagnosing leukemia, treatment should be given immediately. This disease is very insidious and develops quite quickly. Such a patient is hospitalized in a hematological hospital.
The main method of treating leukemia is chemotherapy. In some cases, hematopoietic stem cells are transplanted. Transfusion of donor lymphocytes is also performed.
Recently, modern drugs have been used to treat leukemia, which help in the fight against cancer cells.