Everyone who tries to learn how to play on any musical instrument is faced with the problem of mastering the musical notation.
In particular, this is typical for adults. Children remember notes and durations fairly quickly.
Trying to memorize notes is not necessary.
The charter, like any other, must first of all be understood.
You will need
- - self-instruction games on the instrument-
- - sheet music-
- - The metronome-
- - piano keyboard (can be found online interactive or even make a mute of cardboard).
Start with durations. Find in the tutorial or on the website for those who master your tool, the corresponding section. Remember and the school course of mathematics, that is, actions with simple fractions. You do not need all the fractions yet. Repeat only what concerns 1/2, 1/4 and other fractions, the denominator of which is a multiple of two.
Remember what a whole note is and how it isIs considered. Imagine that this is a unit or some whole object, like an apple or an orange. In a unit, two halves, four quarters, eight eighths of shares, etc. Similarly, in a whole note. For the convenience of memorizing, musicians are accustomed to counting it not just as "one-two-three-four", but dividing each quarter by two more "times-and-two-and-three-and-four". Thus, the whole note is divided not into quarters, but already into eighth.
Try to remember the durations and visually, andaurally. Empty inside a circle without sticks and tails denotes a whole note. A circle with an unfilled center and a wand indicates a half. The wand can be directed both upwards and downwards, depending on which line the note is written on. A black circle with a wand denotes a quarter, and if there is a wand and a ponytail, then this is the eighth. Smaller durations differ in the number of tails. If two or even eight consecutive eight are recorded, they can be connected to each other by a straight line. A group of sixteen is connected by two parallel lines, and thirty second by three.
Find an object that publishes rhythmicSounds. If there is no metronome, use a mechanical clock. Tap first their rhythm, and then - twice as often. Imagine that the clock is tapping the quarter. Then it turns out that you are knocking the eight. Similarly, other durations are related to each other.
Find any notes and learn how to readDuration. It is useful to knock. Choose music examples from the textbook or anything from the classics. There you may find signs that you do not yet know. Read what they mean. For example, a quarter can not be divided into two eighths, but by three, such a figure is called a "triplet". There are other designations of groups of notes of the same duration.
At the beginning of each note, right after the keyAnd key signs, you will find the size designation. The lower part of it, strongly resembling the denominator of a simple fraction, means the same thing as it does, that is, to which parts the measure is divided. The upper number indicates how many such beats are in the cycle. Look at the size and determine which notes of durations you can fill in each bar. Their combinations may be different, but in sum they should give the same number, indicated at the beginning.
After understanding the durations, look at howDenotes the pitch. At the beginning of the music string is the key. They may be different, but more often than not others use a treble clef. It is also called "key salt". Curl, which is located inside the "head", rests just in the line on which the salt of the first octave is written, that is, the second. Find it on the piano keyboard and on your instrument. The piano is a white key that is in a group with three black keys. The note of salt is between the first and second black keys of this group.
Note that the notes are written asRulers, and between them. Learn the scale up from the note salt and down. The distance between the second ruler and the gap between the second and the first (or the second and third) corresponds to the distance between the adjacent white keys on the pianoforte. That is, between the first and second will be written a note fa, and between the second and third - la. Calculate the rest of the notes in the same way. Some notes are written on additional rulers or below them. There is no difference between the additional and basic rulers, the distance still corresponds to the gap between the neighboring keys. That is, the first octave is written under the first ruler, and before - on the additional one. Additional rulers are both below and above.