Ceramic tiles - one of the most convenient and effective floor coverings. It is durable, resistant to abrasion and easy to clean.
Modern collections of interior tiles are so beautiful that they can be used not only in the bathroom or the hallway, but also in the most solemn living room.
The guarantee of a long service of a tile covering is its correct packing.
You will need
- - Nail duck-
- - a drill with a nozzle for mixing mortar-
- - a hammer-
- - Trowel-
- - kiyanka-
- - Roulette-
- - spatula with toothed edge-
- - tile cutters-
- - separators for tiles-
- - protective primer for wood or concrete-
- - expanded clay-
- - GKL-
- - leveler-
- - tile adhesive-
- - ceramic tile-
- - grouting for seams
Remove all door jambs and skirting boards.
Remove the old coating and substrate. Gnododer remove the old blackboard. Lags, as a rule, do not attach to the concrete cover, but stand on special substrates. Align them and make them horizontal. Treate lags and rough boards with protective impregnation.
After drying, pour between the lags smallExpanded clay to their upper level. Fix the blackboard across the base. At each connection point, use two self-tapping screws with a length of 52-55 mm. Leave 3-5 mm between the rough boards.
Cover the blackboard with parchment paper. On it lay a new substrate. As a substrate, it is better to use 20 mm thick sheets of moisture-resistant plasterboard.
Fasten the substrate unscrewed by screws each15-20 mm, as well as along the perimeter of the entire sheet. Fill the remaining distance between the walls and the new rough floor with a mounting foam. After drying the foam cut off its excess at the level of drywall.
If you put the tile on a concrete floor, align it first.
Scratch off the plaster and the cement residues. Thoroughly vacuum the floor. Cover the potholes and cracks with mortar.
Treat the floor with a primer. While the primer dries, prepare a smoothing device.
Dissolve the required amount of mortar in the bucket with water. Stir well, using a drill with a special nozzle. Allow the solution to calm down for a few minutes.
Pour the leveler in the far corner of the room. Then use a trowel to spread it over the floor with a thin layer. Do not allow the thickness of the layer to be more than 1 cm. If necessary, apply a second layer of the mortar, when the first one already grabs, but not completely dries.
Measure the length and width of the room. Identify the middle of each wall and draw flat lines along the floor to divide the room into four parts and mark its middle.
Lay a few tiles along the lines from the center to theWalls to determine the distance. You need to lay as many whole tiles as possible. Perhaps, for this purpose it is necessary to slightly move the central crossing aside.
Dilute special tile adhesive according to the instructions. To avoid lumps, use a special drill bit.
Apply glue with a notched trowel to an area of approximately one square meter in any of the selected segments, moving along the marking.
Lay the tile along the marking, pressing it tightly to the floor. To make the distance between the tiles the same, use special dividers.
After stacking several rows of tiles, check the accuracy of the right angles, if necessary, tilt the tiles to each other with a kyanki.
Constantly check to see if the tile is lying flat. Use a large level for this. Adjust the tile, vertically tapping it with a mallet.
So cover the entire floor space with a whole tile. To lay the tile in the remaining narrow places along the perimeter of the room, cut it into the desired size with a tile cutter.
After the glue dries, remove the spacers and grout the joint with a special mixture. Choose the color of the grout in the tone of the tile or contrast. Make sure that the grout layer is the same everywhere.