Unfortunately, death does not choose, it happens thatPeople die and die from illnesses still young, able-bodied, dependent on whom were the young children, and elderly parents. Partial compensation for the earnings that the deceased brought to the family is stipulated in Article 9 of the Federal Law "On Labor Pensions in the Russian Federation" No. 173-FZ of December 17, 2001.
Who pays the survivor's pension
The survivor's pension is incurred for the disabled members of the deceased's family who were on his dependency:
- spouse or parents who are disabled or retired by age-
- Minor children, grandchildren, brothers and sisters who have not reached the age of 18, including those who were born within 9 months after the death of the breadwinner-
- minor children, grandchildren, brothers and sisters who study internally in any special educational institution, until the end of their education or until they reach the age of 23,
- Relatives of any age who care for the children of the deceased survivor before they are 14 years old.
Grandchildren, brothers and sisters of the deceased will receivePension, if the incapacity of their parents is proved in court. Children born in a civil marriage may also receive a survivor's pension if they were formally adopted by him or paternity was recognized by a court decision. A nursing pension is assigned to only one of the relatives, regardless of the number of underage dependents.
The amount of survivor's pension
Underage children will receive pensions beforeA certain age, but the dependents are disabled and parents, the rest of their lives. In general, the amount of the pension is set at 50% of the income of the breadwinner for each disabled family member, but its minimum size is limited to 2/3 of the minimum old-age pension. The maximum also has its own limit - this is the minimum pension for old age. In the event that the number of disabled family members exceeds 2 people, the pension will be paid one at a rate of 100%. The pension case is opened for the remaining parent or guardian.
There are exceptions to this rule. If the loss of a breadwinner occurred in the event of a military injury, every disabled member of his family will receive a pension equal to the minimum old-age pension. If children have lost both parents or are children of a single mother, the amount of pension for each child is set at 1.5 with respect to the minimum old-age pension.
In 2014, the indexation of pensions was provided for February 1 and April 1, but the government promises that if inflation is exceeded, the index will be indexed for the third time.
Please note that applying for pension accrualsOn loss of the bread-winner, follows within 12 months from the date of his death. In this case, it will be credited from this day, but if the application is submitted later, the members of the deceased's family will receive it from the day the application was submitted.