James Cook - one of the most famous in the world of British sailors. In XVIII century this brave traveler was able to circumnavigate the globe three times.
Cook round the world trips have been very successful in the course of three expeditions captain discovered in the Pacific Ocean a few archipelagos and many islands.
Becoming Captain Cook
Future Captain Cook, known not only for itstravel, but also the deep mapping studies, was born in 1728 in the impoverished farming family in the north of England. My father tried to teach the boy to commerce, but the young man felt a completely different mission: he attracted the ships and sea journeys.
As is common in the Navy, the first shipCook's position was the work of a cabin boy. He managed to get to the ship, which was carrying coal along the English coast. The young man went to his serious passion for the sea, he had himself learned the basics of algebra, geometry, astronomy and navigation. Three years later he became the habit of a sailor, and James' remarkable abilities allowed him to successfully move up the career ladder.
In 1757, Cook brilliantly passed the exam, giving the right to operate the vessel.
In subsequent years, Cook performed the tasks with zealNaval authorities in England, making a detailed description of the channels of the rivers of North America. Already at that time he showed his ability excellent cartographer and navigator. James Cook works evoked respect in the English Admiralty, so he was soon instructed to go for research in the Pacific Ocean.
Travel and discovery of James Cook
The first great expedition of Captain CookIt took place in 1768 and lasted until 1771. During this voyage, he found that New Zealand is a double island, discovered and mapped the Great Barrier Reef and scrutinized a large part of the eastern coast of Australia.
During the second large-scale marine companiesconducted from 1772 to 1775, Captain Cook came in from the Pacific Ocean to its high latitudes, trying unsuccessfully to find a southern continent. James Cook was the first explorers came into the Amundsen Sea, three times crossed the Antarctic Circle. At the same time they have been discovered and described the South Sandwich Islands.
The third expedition (1776-1779 years) expandedCook the treasury of discoveries. During this period, the captain mapped Hawaii and obtained definitive evidence that between America and Asia have a strait.
expedition targets set by the Admiralty, had been entirely achieved.
Unfortunately, Cook's third expedition endedfor the famous Captain tragically. In 1779, he was wounded in a skirmish with the Hawaiians, was captured natives captured and killed. Travel James Cook's results left a bright trace in the history of geographical discoveries, and his gorgeous and surprisingly precise cartographic materials were used in navigation for a long time.