Abscess is the accumulation of dead cells (pus) in a particular organ of the human body.
Treatment consists in removing the focus of inflammation surgically.
Abscess is a limited purulent inflammationFiber to form a cavity. Outwardly, it can be recognized by resemblance to an inflamed pimple or a boil of a very large size. Abscess should be distinguished from phlegmon. In the absence of proper therapy and surgical treatment, the abscess can be transformed into phlegmon. Phlegmon - this is not limited, but diffuse purulent inflammation of intermuscular and interfascial fat.
Causes of abscesses
The causative agents of abscesses and phlegmon areDifferent mixed microflora of foci of infection, in which, as a rule, there are different types of staphylococci and streptococci, as well as their symbiosis with other cocci species.
Also, pathogens, especially with odontogenic abscesses, can become intestinal and other types of rods.
In the development of abscesses there is a seasonal exacerbation in the summer-autumn period.
An important role is also played by anaerobicInfection. Abscesses among anaerobes are usually dominated by their facultative and obligate forms. Relying on scientific research, we can note the fact that often anaerobic and aerobic bacteria form associations.
It is important to note the fact that the degreeThe spread of purulent recovery depends on the concentration of microflora and the state of protective properties of human immunity. An anatomical and topographical location of the abscess also plays an important role. All these factors will predetermine the degree of inflammatory reaction. If the microbes do not have a significant toxic effect, and the body shows an adequate response, the abscess can develop only in one or a maximum of two cellular spaces.
What are the symptoms of the inflammatory process
In the inflammatory process that accompanies this disease, it is possible to distinguish such stages:
- Purulent melting of tissues-
- delimitation of the focus (formation of the granulation shaft).
Symptoms of abscesses:
- spontaneous aching pain in the area of the affected area-
- a violation of the organ-
- general malaise, weakness, headache-
- Inflammation of nearby lymph nodes-
- body temperature up to 37? -
- an increase in the number of leukocytes in the blood-
Pain sensations in abscesses are more often noted during the touch to the focus of inflammation.
Treatment of abscesses
Treatment consists in a surgical autopsyPurulent foci. Make a cut, with its edges pushed. It is necessary to drain the wound with a perforated elastic tube. Active drainage is contraindicated in order to prevent unwanted complications. Antiseptic treatment of the outbreak with the help of washing with various solutions (furacilin, dioxidin, hydrogen peroxide) is desirable.
An important component of the prevention and treatment of abscesses is immunotherapy.
The patient should be prescribed antibiotics,Sulfonamides or preparations of the nitrofuran series. Full course of antibiotics - 7-8 days. When using antibiotics, probiotics must be prescribed. You also need to prescribe anti-inflammatory and antihistamines.