Myopia (nearsightedness) - the widespread eye disease.
When myopia one discerns only smalldetails of objects and images that are close to it, and the items are located at some distance from him, clearly perceived and vague.
The effectiveness of the treatment of the disease will depend on the degree of disease development.
The degrees of myopia
There are three degrees of myopia: first (low degree), II (moderate), the third (high). Poor and middle stage of myopia, which appeared in the school age, often do not progress, does not lead to complications. The outlook for these degrees of myopia is quite favorable. Diagnosis of myopia and to determine the degree can only ophthalmologist. He examines the patient performs biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, determines the visual acuity, fundus examination spends.
The success of treatment of myopia will depend on the extent of itsprogression of existing complications. Therapeutic measures are aimed at stopping or slowing the progression of the disease. It is important to prevent the occurrence of complications, as well as carry out the correction of vision. In the treatment of diseases of all methods are used in combination: drug therapy combined with physical therapy, special optical exercises.
The earlier the treatment of myopia, the greater the chance of preserving vision.
How can you cure myopia of the first degree
Primarily an ophthalmologist should pick upeyeglasses, which by reducing eye strain slightly reduce the progression of the disease. In the first degree of myopia glasses prescribed for a given, constantly wearing them is not necessary. When mild myopia also appoint "relaxing" glasses, they have a slightly positive lens, promotes relaxation of accommodation. For a relaxing accommodation in the home, you can also use a special computer program.
Accomodation - is the ability to clearly see objects that are at different distances from the eye.
For non-drug treatment of myopia belongscompliance restorative regime, the regime of the visual load. There are useful lessons in swimming, outdoor exercise, a balanced diet, rich in micronutrients vitamins, eye exercises. With a weak degree of myopia should take vitamin and mineral supplements containing lutein. In order to prevent the progression of myopia and its complications need to take calcium supplements, nicotinic acid. It will be effective electrophoresis myopic blend (calcium chloride, procaine, diphenhydramine), reflexology.
A good effect in the treatment of disease givetraining ciliary muscles: the eyes are inserted alternately positive and negative lenses. Myopia slight degree can be solved by means of special exercise. They must be performed in a sitting position.
Exercise №1: zazhmurte eyes tightly for 5 seconds, then open them for 5 seconds, repeat 6-8 times.
Exercise №2: fast blinking eyes for a minute or two.
Exercise №3: close the eyelids, and then massage them for 1 minute with gentle circular movements of the fingers.
Exercise №4: click on the upper eyelids with three fingers of each hand, stop pressure after 1-2 seconds and then remove fingers with age, repeat 3-4 times.