Scientists of many countries for centuries fought over how to compare and measure the intelligence of different people.
As a result, there have been several groups of tests for measuring iq: Eysenck tests Armthauera tests.
The most popular tests for measuring theconsidered intelligence tests developed by Hans Eysenck. They are a series of problems that can be solved with the help of various types of intelligence. Our thinking is multidimensional, it is possible to select multiple types of intelligence. Each time, performing complex work, we use a few of his species: spatial reasoning, logic, visual-figurative, linguistic, etc. According to the results of testing and calculated intelligence quotient (iq, which is pronounced "akyu" or "aykyu").
Intelligence - it is a measurable quantity.
How to test yourself
It must be remembered that a single test does not allowthe correct result. On the function of intelligence is influenced by many factors: your mood, presence or absence of stress, the degree of courage or desire to sleep. Ideally, measured iq need when you are not under pressure to urgently do something when you have a "normal" for your mood, when there is no strong emotions, or pronounced stress.
The creators of tests on intelligence Recommendtake multiple measurements iq. It is believed that you need at least 8-10 tests, the results of which are summed and divided by the number of tests. Thus, the calculated average IQ. Multiple tests help to avoid errors in the measurement of intelligence, which arise due to fatigue, keyed up, bad mood, etc. Factors.
What do the numbers in on iq tests
Hans Eysenck called average intelligence is 100 points. This iq enables good deal with low-level manager work, interior Administrator seller. It is believed that 100 points may not be enough to get a higher education: a person with average and below-average intelligence is difficult to understand many of the institute and university discipline in which exams are required for graduation.
For admission to the university, which gives practicalknowledge usually requires 115-120 points. In order to be able to go to university and finish it, it is necessary not less than 125-130 points. Red diploma at the university, as a rule, receive students whose iq above 140 points.
With regard to values lower than the average, the scientistswhile arguing about numbers. Some believe that people with aykyu less than 80 points can already be attributed themselves to be mentally retarded individuals. Others believe that the divide between the pathologically low and normal intelligence passes on 60 points.
High intelligence - not the life guarantee of success.
How does iq to success in life
Chase high iq is not necessary. To some extent, this parameter can be changed during the life of, for example, regularly solving complex problems in mathematics or physics. But seriously change the testimony of intelligence impossible. Many parameters of thinking are genetically predetermined.
In addition, it is worth considering that people with average andslightly above average iq is usually better than others succeed in life. Even the best scientists with the value iq 180 units. The hypotheses about why it is so diverse. But many researchers agree that the reason lies in the fact that every person has a so-called "practical intelligence". If you have a well-developed logical, mathematical or linguistic thinking of practical intelligence is often underdeveloped. Hence, the legends are born of genius, head in the clouds, and completely lost in the usual supermarket or in the subway.