Can long list all the titles of the famous scientist Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov, who covered a number of scientific fields.
He was also the physicist and chemist, and cultural figures, and yet he is - a brilliant inventor and innovator.
First of all, it should be noted that M. Lomonosov sought not so much to invent a new, unexplored as explore the nature at the time phenomena. Like it or not, he - Research husband, and what he repeatedly wrote in his letters. Lomonosov created a viscometer, a device that can determine the level of viscosity in liquid, it can become correctly choose lubricants for mechanical engineering.
It is also the first to understand that if we apply the crystal and glass in watch movements, it is possible to reduce the friction level in devices of this kind.
Perhaps the most important discovery for such a science asastronomy, is developed by Lomonosov "nochezritelnaya pipe" or simply a device for night vision telescopic effect. In its development of the telescope had one concave glass at an angle of 4 degrees to the axis of the telescope. The sun's rays are reflected in the glass and fell to the side of the eyepiece. His development of the telescope scientist Lomonosov presented the Academy of Sciences.
An important discovery for science was the formulation of M. Lomonosov molecular-kinetic theory, which formed the basis formulated the law of conservation of matter.
In the future, such pipes were for night visionimproved, he understood the need for improvements and Mikhail himself, and therefore lifetime honing his skills of observation and calculation of the stars using existing telescopes.
In the field of optics, his inventions are: botoskop and gorizontoskop. Thanks botoskopu could perfectly see the depth and explore the underwater world, and allows us to consider gorizontoskop the surrounding area in a horizontal plane.
Provided several stages in his work with glass, which revealed the following topics: the range of raw materials, mineral pigments for glass and glass and dye study of interaction.
Especially worth noting his contribution to the science of glass, his experiments with glass are measured in thousands.
A distinctive feature of the methods of work with glassIt was metered technique because Lomonosov adhered closely to the number of components and their weighting, plus everything he had kept all its samples, which were close to perfection in his understanding, and there were more than a thousand.
The elements with which Lomonosov soughtcoloring glasses have the following composition: lead, tin, copper and antimony. When using copper in a variety of chemical compounds, he received the red, green and turquoise shades, until now, many wonder how he got such a rich and colorful palette.