When building a house on its own, one of the important tasks is the correct choice and installation of staircases.
From the design of the stairs depends not only their reliability and durability, but also the level of costs for their construction.
You will need
- - sawn timber-
- - saw, plane, hammer, carpentry level -
- - nails and screws.
The basic parameters of the ladder must be calculatedEven at the design stage of the house. Often, the wrong approach is used - the staircase simply leaves space, while its specific dimensions are determined when it comes to the construction of stair flights. Then it turns out that the dimensions were not chosen correctly - the staircase is too steep or too flat, the steps are very uncomfortable, the areas in front of the stairs and after it are too small.
To climb to another floor or go down fromIt was convenient, it is necessary to choose exactly the dimensions of the future staircase during the design of the house: its height, width, the size of steps and areas. Calculate everything to within a centimeter, taking into account the height between floors, the thickness of floors, interfloor overlappings, etc. Incorrect size of the steps will lead to the fact that using the stairs will be inconvenient, the risk of injury will increase.
Determine what material will be made fromflight of stairs. As a rule, wooden staircases are usually used in private houses. As a bearing basis, two strong beams are taken, they are usually ordered taking into account specific dimensions. The thickness of the beam should not be less than 5 centimeters, the width is selected within 20-25 centimeters. If there is no beam of the necessary width, it can be made up of two - for example, use a bar measuring 5 by 10 cm, on each side there will be two pieces of the required length. They are carefully sculpted and made up in pairs. As a result, two load-bearing beams of a thickness of 5 and a width of 20 cm are obtained.
Try and adjust the beams in place, notFixing them definitively. After making sure that they are exactly in their places, use the meter and carpentry level to mark the position of the steps and supports under them. As supports, use wooden bars with a cross section of 5 by 5 cm. Each one must be fastened in at least three places, and preferably in four. Support bars are more convenient to attach, removing the beams and laying them on the floor.
Beams with nailed or screwed screwsFix the anchor bolts in place. Be sure to make sure that they are securely fastened and do not break off under the weight of several people. After that, install the steps, screwing them with screws to the support bars. Lastly, mount the perilla.
For a spiral staircase, it is better to use a weldedOr forged metal frame. Since it is difficult to make a beautiful spiral staircase on its own, it will be more appropriate to order it in the workshop, just by checking the dimensions. The main advantage of the spiral staircase is its compactness. However, in terms of convenience, it is better to prefer stairs with straight spans.