The causes of the Holocaust ... They can be called, justifyingBackground. But none of these reasons, and all taken together, will never be able to either justify or explain why the incident happened. Why the Catastrophe happened. Why the so-called "cultural nation" quietly and measuredly destroyed 6 million people. For humanity this will forever be beyond understanding.
Historians, sociologists, political scientists, philosophers,Religious scholars, theologians, psychologists - dozens of scientists are struggling to solve the problem of "what are the causes of the Holocaust." Perhaps they will be able to give the answer closest to the truth - then - and - if they can ever unite. Now the reasons for the appearance of the Holocaust are considered by each of them from their narrow-profile point of view.
Questions, questions, questions ...
Is anti-Semitism the main reason? And perhaps "strange" is the perceived economic "necessity" - an asymmetric response to the countries that won the First World War? Or a perverted understanding of medical research? Or is the fault lying on the very people who left their God, thereby violating God's choice? Or was the Holocaust the result of a struggle with the Bolshevik Communists? Or maybe it's easier: the evil will of one, a psychopath who has reached a power, who has inculcated a shameful irrational hatred, found support from the same like him - "like-minded people in the party", with a psychologically related sadistic pathology?
In any case, the ideologues and executors of the HolocaustFor some reason they thought they justified themselves before their descendants at least twice: by adopting the Nuremberg laws in 1935 and securing them in 1942 in the program plan of the genocide at the Wannsee conference.
However, none of the war criminals,Convicted in the Nuremberg and Israeli trials - from Kaltenbrunner to Eichmann - did not help referring to any of the adopted laws, orders, doctrines, decisions or decrees demanding the extermination of Jews, Gypsies and other peoples, since there is a simple human and uneasy legal concept "A criminal order."
Anti-Semitism as a precondition for the Holocaust
Irrational hatred of the Jewish peopleFrom time immemorial rooted in the earth. The origins of this hatred can be found in the denseness of the crowds, prone to the belligerent influence of the first Christian priests, and many other things. This hatred has long become the archetype of attitudes towards non-Russians in general, and, to others like them, in particular. Therefore, it is not necessary to talk about any special German anti-Semitism. Many times in any of the centuries from the birth of Christ, here and there, from the darkness floated up, and now, awash with the wicked physiognomy of the fighters for the purity of the nation: the Spanish, American, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Hungarian, Lithuanian, Arab Islamists and There is no number for them. When their critical mass accumulates, waiting for pogroms becomes an ordinary occupation of the Jewish people.
After the First World War, and before the Second,The bell of anti-Semitism for German Jews sounded many times, once again becoming unbearably loud. But a turning point for the whole history of mankind - January 30, 1933 - the day when President Hindenburg appointed Hitler as the German chancellor, passed almost unnoticed for them.
However, Hitler-initiated NurembergRacial laws that deprived Jews of civil rights, and the massacre under the beautiful name of "Crystal Night", sobered many of those who still believed in humanity and common sense.
Why did not the German Jews massively "abandon" the brutalized country overnight for as long as possible? There are also a number of reasons for this.
The new German government is really diligentSqueezed Jews out of the country, but at the same time did not intend to let them "for nothing." There were all sorts of bureaucratic obstacles from which it was necessary to buy off and not everyone could afford it. Those who could, often, have been triggered by ordinary philistine adaptability, and also as an irrational hope for a better, and rational belief in the fact that their social status is still unshakable. It was the Jews who remained in Germany and Austria who became the first settlers of methodically equipped ghettos and concentration camps - and the first victims of the Holocaust.
At the end of the First World War, Germany was in the deepest depression and economic crisis. If there is a wealthy and successful stratum of citizens with Jewish surnames.
The concept of constant and ever-increasing joyBeing and national unity formulated by Goebbels, urgently needed to find finances for arranging a general celebration of life and a single enemy for the nation, around which it would be possible to unite.
The solution chosen by Goebbels was, as nowSome Russian political scientists believe, to the genius of simple: the enemy was appointed close and conceptually odious - the Jews. After the appointment of such an enemy, the question of replenishing the state treasury and personal accounts of the Nazi elite in Swiss banks, was decided by itself. Difficult decisions, no one was looking for and not demanding.
Expropriation of the disenfranchised Jewish populationConsiderable funds, bank deposits, property, jewelry, businesses, shops, farms, etc. - legalized robbery in broad daylight, plus on a giant scale of extortion - otkupy leaving abroad, has extremely corrected the German economy. A loyal "thoroughbred Aryans" received virtually all of the above and much more, remaining after the "disappeared" in non-existence.
If earlier everything that was done by the GermanState machine for the destruction of Jews and other peoples had a massive, but not fully formulated plan, then after the outbreak of World War II, the German leadership considered it necessary to systematize and develop the accumulated experience.
Favorite Führer slogan about the final decisionThe Jewish question, which was announced to them in the early 1920s, officially took shape at a special conference convened on January 20, 1942 near Lake Wannsee, near Berlin. The authors of the program gradually planned and structured everything that was necessary for the genocide of absolutely the entire Jewish population in Europe. They called their plan very simply: "On the final solution of the Jewish question."
It was after January 20, 1942 that the machine of exterminationJews, and at the same time gypsies and other nationalities, was put on stream, and none of the performers were interested in the question - why? It was just work. Daily and routine. The disciplined employees of the great Reich sincerely sought to find the best solution for optimizing labor and production. Is it possible to call a good performance of labor duties the cause of the Holocaust? Maybe. In any case, the moral aspect of this work did not exactly excite those who performed it.
Immorality. Immorality erected in the absolute, lovingly cherished by the pseudo-Puritan "morality" of the whole society: from propagandists, deputies, generals, to ordinary genocide performers, immorality, as a state ideology - that is probably the main cause of the Holocaust.