In the modern world the state is in the hundreds of international organizations that contribute to the establishment of cultural cooperation, economic relations and trade.
Russia, being one of the largest states, is in many organizations.
It is important for Russia is membership in the CommonwealthOf Independent States (CIS). On the territory of the CIS countries outside Russia live 20 million Russian and Russian-speaking people. This organization, being established in 1991 after the collapse of the USSR, has included most of the former Soviet republics except the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania). In 2014, the CIS includes, in addition to the Russian Federation, Belarus, Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. Ukraine de facto part of the CIS, but has not signed the Charter. Do not sign the Charter and Turkmenistan, while declaring themselves as "associate members" of the organization. Georgia following the conflict with Russia withdrew from the CIS in 2009, Russia has a function of protection of external borders of the CIS in Central Asia and the Caucasus.
Another geopolitically important for RussiaOrganization - the EurAsEC Customs Union, which along with it includes Belarus and Kazakhstan. The organization is a form of trade and economic integration, which provides a single customs territory. Within this territory does not apply economic restrictions and customs duties.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)includes Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. The area of this regional organization of countries accounts for 60% of the territory of Eurasia. The main objectives of the SCO enunciated - strengthening of security and stability, economic cooperation, energy partnership, cultural and scientific cooperation, the fight against terrorism, extremism and separatism.
Collective Security Treaty Organization(CSTO) is a military-political alliance, which exists in its present form since 2002. The CSTO comprises Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Armenia. The declared task of the organization - the protection of the joint efforts of the territorial and economic space of the member states against military aggression, terrorism and natural disasters.
After 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed, RussiaIt has been legally recognized as a successor State of the USSR. So she took the place of the former Soviet Union in the UN Security Council and a number of other organizations.
The United Nations (UN) is considered,perhaps the main among those that emerged after the Second World War. It was established in 1945 in order to maintain peace in various parts of the world. It has considerable financial capacity, management apparatus and even the armed forces. Russia was one of the countries taking part in the creation of the United Nations. And as the victorious powers in World War II, it became one of the highest executive body of the organization - the UN Security Council, which is to this day. In this regard, Russia has veto power, ie, the right to ban any UN decision-makers.
for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) - one of those in which Russia participates. The purpose of the OSCE - to maintain security and peace in Europe.
In addition to the above, it is included in the RForganizations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Council, the Council of Baltic Sea States (CBSS), the Barents / Euro-Arctic Council (BEAC), the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO ), the International Atomic energy agency (IAEA), the World Bank Group, the Universal postal Union, the World intellectual property organization (WIPO), the International Aeronautical Federation (FAI), the Asian parliamentary Assembly (APA), etc.