In today's world, states are comprised of hundreds of international organizations that promote the establishment of cultural interaction, economic relations and trade.
Russia, being one of the largest states, is in many organizations.
Membership in the Commonwealth is important for RussiaIndependent States (CIS). On the territory of the CIS countries outside the Russian Federation live 20 million Russian and Russian-speaking people. This organization, established in 1991 after the collapse of the USSR, included most of the former Soviet republics, with the exception of the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania). In 2014, the CIS includes, in addition to the Russian Federation, Belarus, Moldova, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. Ukraine is de-facto a member of the CIS, but did not sign the Charter. Not signed the Charter and Turkmenistan, while declaring themselves as an "associate member" of the organization. Georgia after the conflict with Russia withdrew from the CIS in 2009. Russia has the function of protecting the external borders of the CIS in Central Asia and Transcaucasia.
Another geopolitically important for RussiaThe organization is the EurAsEC Customs Union, which includes Belarus and Kazakhstan. The organization is a form of trade and economic integration, providing for a single customs territory. Within this territory, economic restrictions and customs duties are not applied.
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)Includes Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. The territory of the countries included in this regional organization occupies 60% of the territory of Eurasia. The main proclaimed tasks of the SCO are strengthening of security and stability, economic cooperation, energy partnership, cultural and scientific cooperation, combating terrorism, extremism and separatism.
Organization of the Collective Security Treaty(CSTO) is a military-political alliance that has existed since 2002. The CSTO includes Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Armenia. The declared task of the organization is the protection by the joint efforts of the territorial and economic space of the participating countries against military aggression, terrorists and natural disasters.
After the collapse of the USSR in 1991, RussiaWas legally recognized as the successor State of the USSR. Therefore, it took the place of the former Soviet Union in the UN Security Council and a number of other organizations.
The United Nations (UN)Perhaps, the main one among those that arose after the Second World War. It was created in 1945 with the aim of maintaining peace in various regions of the planet. It has considerable financial resources, a management apparatus and even the armed forces. Russia was one of the countries that took part in the creation of the UN. And being a victorious power in the Second World War, she became one of the highest executive body of the organization - the UN Security Council, which is still today. In this regard, Russia has the right of veto, i.e. The right to impose a ban on any decision taken by the United Nations.
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) is one of those where Russia participates. The OSCE's goal is to maintain security and peace in Europe.
In addition to the above, the RF is included in suchorganizations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Council, the Council of Baltic Sea States (CBSS), the Barents / Euro-Arctic Council (BEAC), the Organization of Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO ), the International Atomic energy agency (IAEA), the World Bank Group, the Universal postal Union, the World intellectual property organization (WIPO), the International Aeronautical Federation (FAI), the Asian parliamentary Assembly I (APA), etc.